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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

"Psyche" and "Personality" in the Absence of "Soul" and "Spirit"

Bratus B.S., Ph.D. in Psychology, Professor at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, full memeber of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Education, foreign corresponding member of the Cuba Society of Health Psychologists, Moscow, Russia
Abstract
The cultural-historical conditions and reasons of the extinction of the notion of soul from the scientific psychology lexicon are described. The foundations of its return are given. The premises and concrete methodological ways for this are outlined. The comparative analysis of the usage of notions "soul", "spirit", "psyche", "person", and derivatives — "soulful", "spiritual", "psychical", "personal", is conducted. The features of outside and inside aspects of soul and the ways of their presentation and classifying with respect to the different levels of psychical apparatus are described. It is concluded that a new period of relations between psychology and philosophy is being established, and that there is a necessity of founding and developing a new science — the philosophy of psychology.

Keywords: personality, psyche, soul, spirit, methodology of science, philosophy of psychology, theology

Column: Theory and methodology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2014220506

For Reference

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