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Courage to Be. Hardiness and Faith 1235
Krichevec A.N., Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Department of Methodology of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Moscow state University. M. V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
Solodushkina M.V., Teacher of the Department of General and Applied Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Orthodox Institute Of St. John The Theologian Of The Russian Orthodox University, firstname.lastname@example.org
The article presents a comparison between hardiness (the psychological construct by S. Maddi and D.A. Leontiev), the term "courage to be" and the defined conception of faith (by P. Tillich). It is shown, that Hardiness (by S. Maddi), despite author's opinion, appears to be not an operationalization of Tillich's "courage to be", but is a development of one of its aspects. Differences between the interpretation of the term in English and Russian variants of its operationalization are also discussed.
Keywords: challenge, hardiness, courage to be, existential anxiety
Column: Psychology of faith