Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 27, no. 2)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Empathy as a Method: from the Philosophical Point of View 1751

Karyagina T.D., Associate Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow state University of psychology and education, Moscow, Russia, kartan18@gmail.com
Abstract
The article examines the emergence and establishment of the concept of «empathy» in philosophical approaches of the end of XIX — early XX centuries. As immediate predecessors of the concept of «empathy» the W. Dilthey’s concept of «coexperi- ence» (Nacherleben) and the T. Lipps’s «feeling into» (Einfühlung) are discussed. The way of formation, synthesis of meanings, which are typical to the modern understanding of empathy, is analyzed. As a main context, which sets the direction of such a synthesis, the problem of the subject and method of the humanities and psychology in particular is considered. «Experience» and «empathy» since their appearance in the philosophical systems were viewed as the united concepts within the link between the subject and method of «understanding (descriptive) psychology». A detailed analysis of how W. Dilthey, E. Husserl, E. Stein, T. Lipps, M. Scheler and K. Jaspers viewed this problem is given.

Keywords: empathy, experience, Einfühlung, coexperiencing, Nacherleben, sympathy, descriptive psychology, phenomenology, philosophy of life, method of psychology

Column: Empathy: phenomenon and method

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2015230510

For Reference

References
  1. Arkhangel’skaya V.V. Znachenie idei Dil’teya dlya sovremennoi prakticheskoi psikholo- gii: «zhiznennye ponyatiya» i «kategorii zhizni». Moskovskii psikhoterapevticheskii zhurnal. 2005. № 1. P. 30—42.
  2. Busygina N.P. Filosofskie osnovaniya gumanitarnoi psikhologii. Moskovskii psikhotera- pevticheskii zhurnal. 2007. № 4. P. 26—46.
  3. Vasil’eva S.V. Antropologiya, teoriya poznaniya i etika v filosofii Maksa Shelera: avtoref. dis. ... kand. filos. nauk. Moscow, 2008. 20 p.
  4. Vasil’eva S.V. Tsennostnyi mir lichnosti: k istokam antropologii Maksa Shelera. Petro- zavodsk: Publ. PetrGU, 2011. 145 p.
  5. Vasilyuk F.E. Semiotika i tekhnika empatii. Voprosy psikhologii. 2007. № 2. P. 3—14.
  6. Vlasova O.A. Fenomenologicheskaya psikhiatriya i ekzistentsial’nyi analiz: diss…dokt. filosof. nauk. Kursk, 2010. 368 p.
  7. Vlasova T.V. Empatiya: ot psikhologii k fenomenologii. Vladivostok: Publ. DVGMA, 2000. 84 p.
  8. Gaidenko P.P. Chelovek i istoriya v ekzistentsial’noi filosofii K.Yaspersa. In: K. Yaspers.
  9. Smysl i naznachenie istorii. Moscow: Publ. Respublika, 1994. P. 5—26.
  10. Gusserl’ E. Kartezianskie razmyshleniya (per. s nem. D.V. Sklyadneva). St. Petersburg: Publ. Nauka; Yuventa, 1998. 315 p. (In Russ.)
  11. Gusserl’ E. Logicheskie issledovaniya (per. s nem. V.I. Molchanova). Moscow: Publ. Akademicheskii proekt, 2011. 352 p. (In Russ.)
  12. Dil’tei V. Opisatel’naya psikhologiya (per. s nem. E.D. Zaitsevoi, pod red. G.G. Shpeta). St. Petersburg: Publ. Aleteiya, 1996. 160 p. (In Russ.)
  13. Dil’tei V. Postroenie istoricheskogo mira v naukakh o dukhe. In: V. Dil’tei. Sobr. soch.: v 6 t. T. 3 (pod red. A.V. Mikhailova, N.S. Plotnikova; per. s nem. pod red. V.A. Kuren- nogo). Moscow: Publ. Tri kvadrata, 2004. P. 10—413. (In Russ.)
  14. Zotov A.F. Sovremennaya zapadnaya filosofiya: Uchebnik. Moscow: Publ. Vysshaya shkola, 2005. 781 p.
  15. Karyagina T.D. Otkuda v psikhoterapii empatiya: K. Rodzhers i ego psikhoanaliticheskie predshestvenniki i posledovateli. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya. 2012. № 1. P. 8—31.
  16. Karyagina T.D. Evolyutsiya ponyatiya «empatiya» v psikhologii: dis. … kand. psikhol. nauk. M., 2013. 175 p.
  17. Karyagina  T.D.  Ekspiriental’nye  podkhody v sovremennoi  psikhoterapii. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya. 2015. T. 23. № 1. P. 126—152.
  18. Kokhut Kh. Introspektsiya, empatiya i psikhoanaliz: issledovanie vzaimootnoshenii mezhdu sposobom nablyudeniya i teoriei. In: Antologiya sovremennogo psikhoanaliza: v 2 t. T. 1 (pod red. A.V. Rassokhina). Moscow: Publ. Institut Psikhologii RAN, 2000. P. 282—299. Kurennoi V.A. K voprosu o vozniknovenii fenomenologicheskogo dvizheniya. Logos. 1999 (21). № 11/12. URL: http://www.ruthenia.ru/logos/number/1999_11_12/11.htm (data obrashcheniya: 01.12.12).
  19. Kurennoi V.A. Predislovie redaktora. In: V. Dil’tei. Sobr. soch.: v 6 t. T. 3 (pod red. A.V. Mikhailova, N.S. Plotnikova; per. s nem. pod red. V. A. Kurennogo). Moscow: Publ. Tri kvadrata, 2004. P. 11—34.
  20. Lipps T. Osnovnye voprosy logiki (per. s nem. N.O. Losskogo). St. Petersburg: Publ. O.N. Popova, 1902. 301 p. (In Russ.)
  21. Lipps T. Rukovodstvo k psikhologii (per. s nem. M.A. Likhareva). St. Petersburg: Publ. O.N. Popova, 1907. 394 p. (In Russ.)
  22. Lipps T. Samosoznanie, oshchushchenie i chuvstvo (per. s nem. s predisl. i primech. M.A. Likhareva). St. Petersburg: Publ. Slovo, 1910. 84 p. (In Russ.)
  23. Lipps T. Puti psikhologii. Fundamental’naya psikhologiya u istokov neklassicheskoi paradigmy (sost., predisl. i zaklyuch. I.V. Zhuravleva). Moscow: Publ. KomKniga, 2007. P. 116—145. (In Russ.)
  24. Puzyrevskii V.Yu. Fenomen empatii v kontekste sovremennoi zapadnoi filosofii: dis. ... kand. filos. nauk. St. Petersburg, 2001. 214 p.
  25. Rutkevich A.M. Ponimayushchaya psikhologiya K. Yaspersa. In: Istoriya filosofii. Vyp. 1. Moscow: Publ. IF RAN, 1997. URL: http://philosophy.ru/iphras/library/i_ph_1. html#2 (data obrashcheniya: 01.11.15).
  26. Ulanovskii A.M. Fenomenologiya v psikhologii i psikhoterapii: proyasnenie neotchet- livykh perezhivanii. Moskovskii psikhoterapevticheskii zhurnal. 2009. № 2. P. 27—51.
  27. Shpet G.G. Yazyk i smysl. Logos. 1996. № 7. P. 81—122.
  28. YaspersK. Smysl i naznachenie istorii (per. s nem. M.I. Levinoi; vstup. st P.P. Gaid- enko): 2-e izd. Moscow: Publ. Respublika, 1994. 527 p. (In Russ.)
  29. Yaspers K. Obshchaya patopsikhologiya (per. s nem. L.O. Akopyana). Moscow: Publ. Praktika, 1997. 1056 p. (In Russ.)
  30. Agosta L. A Rumor of Empathy: Rewriting Empathy in the Context of Philosophy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 116 p.
  31. Allport G. W. Personality: A psychological interpretation. London: Constable, Company Ltd, 1949 (reprint). 588 p.
  32. Elliott R., Watson J.C., Goldman R.N., Greenberg L.S. Learning emotion-focused thera- py: the process-experiential approach to change. American Psychological Associa- tion, 2004. 366 p.
  33. Empathy reconsidered. New directions in psychotherapy (ed. by A.C. Bozarth, L.S. Green- berg). Washington, DC: АPA, 1997. 477 p.
  34. Meffert H., Gazzola V., Den Boer J.A., Bartels A.A., Keysers C. Reduced spontaneous but relatively normal deliberate vicarious representations in psychopathy Brain. 2013 (Aug). Vol. 136(8). P. 2550—2562. URL: http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/con- tent/brain/136/8/2550.full.pdf (дата обращения: 25.11.2015). doi:10.1093/brain/ awt190
  35. Moran D. The problem of empathy: Lipps, Scheler, Husserl and Stein. In: Amor amici- tiae: on the love that is friendship. Essays in medieval thought and beyond in honor of the Rev. Professor James McEvoy (ed. by T.A. Kelly, P.W. Rosemann). Leuven: Peeters. 2004. P. 269—312.
  36. Scheler M. The nature of sympathy. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction publishers, 2011. 274 p.
  37. Schmid P.F. The characteristics of a person-centered approach to therapy and coun- seling: criteria for identity and coherence. Person-Centered, Experiential Psycho- therapies. 2003. Vol. 2 (2). P. 104—120.
  38. Stein E. On the problem of empathy. Washington, DC: ICS Publications, 1989. 135 p.
  39. Stueber K. Rediscovering empathy. Cambridge: Massachussets Institute of Technology, 2006. 276 p.
  40. The power of person-centered approach / ed. by U. Esser, H. Pabst, G.—W. Speierer. Koln: GwG, 1996. 312 p.
  41. Wispe L. History of the concept of empathy. Empathy and its development / ed. by N.  Eisenberg, J. Strayer. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987. P. 20—35.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 1997–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика