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The history of psychotherapy. Lecture 2. Historical background of psychotherapy (Part III)
Grinshpun I.B., Ph.D. in Psychology, Professor of the Department of Individual and Group Psychotherapy of the Faculty of Consultative and Clinical Psychology, Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
This publication continues a series of lectures by Igor Borisovich Grinshpun about the history of psychotherapy. This part is devoted to the influence of XIX cen- tury psychology and philosophy to the psychotherapy and describes a wide range of personalities of that time. It traces the development of the natural science line from Wundt’s up to the American behaviorism. We consider some of the ideas of F. Brentano, and their development in the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger existentialism. Indirect and direct influence of this philosophical approaches to different areas of psychotherapy is analyzed. The founded by Dil- they humanitarian direction in psychology are considered , which became a base for humanistic and existential psychotherapy. The meaning of the hermeneutics of for psychotherapy is discussed. The analysis of the A. Pushkin writings’ fragments in terms of hermeneutics is done. It addresses the issue of diagnosis in psychiatry and psychotherapy. The influence of F. Galton ideas and inventions to psychology and psychotherapy is described. There is shown the connection between the pseudosci- ence phrenology and the doctrine of the localization of mental functions, which is important for the development of psychiatry and clinical psychology.
Keywords: history of psychotherapy, experimental psychological laboratory, intention- ality, phenomenology, understanding psychology, existentialism, life-world, empathy, hermeneutics, phrenology, Wilhelm Wundt, Bekhterev Vladimir Franz Brentano, Edmund Husserl, Soren Kierkegaard, Wilhelm Dilthey, Francis Galton
Column: Lecture hall