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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

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Clinical and socio-psychological characteristics of patients with suicidal attempts

Chernaia M.I, Junior researcher, N.V.Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, Chernaya_masha@mail.ru
Kholmogorova A.B., Doctor in Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Psychological Counseling, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, kholmogorova@yandex.ru
Zubareva O.V., Ph.D. in Medicine, Head of psychosomatic disorders department N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, olgazubareva@yandex.ru
Zhuravleva T.V., Master’s student, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, tita1993@mail.ru
Abstract
The article presents a retrospective analysis of medical records of 192 patients with suicide attempts who were treated in somatopsychology department for surgical patients in Scientific Research Institute of Emergency Care named after N.V. Sklifosovsky. The sample consisted of 64% men and 36% women. Most patients didn’t have higher education (82%), were not married (71%), and were in active working age from 15 to 45 years old (74%). The analysis of the medical records revealed that most patients were diagnosed with affective and personality disorder (56%), suffered from addiction and consumed alcohol and drugs regularly (11%), gave themselves stab and incision wounds of different localization (74%), a lot of them had hepatitis C virus (65%). Exasperation of severity of their mental state and growth of psychological and social maladjustment of patients after the initial auto-aggressive action often act as the factors of repetitive and multiple suicide attempts. We conclude that it is necessary to create special centers for the rehabilitation of patients who committed a suicide attempt and for the prevention of repeated auto-aggressive actions based on the model of centers of dialectical behavioral therapy, which provide specialized care for patients with chronic suicidal behavior.

Keywords: suicidal behavior, socio-psychological factors, suicide attempt, prevention

Column: Empirical researches

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2016240305

For Reference

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