Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2017. Vol. 25, no. 1)

International database Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory DOAJ Higher Attestation Commission Russian Science Citation Index VINITI Database RAS

Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Professionalization Of Empathy And Predictors Of Helping Professionals’ Burnout

Karyagina T.D., Senior lecturer at the chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Psychological Counseling faculty, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, kartan18@rambler.ru
Kukhtova N.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor of Chair of Practical Psychology, Vitebsk State University named after P.M. Masherov, zvetok@tut.by
Olifirovich N.I., Assistant Professor, Chair of Developmental and Educational Psychology, M. Tank Belarus State Pedagogical University
Shermazanyan L.G.
Abstract
The article presents the results of a study of empathy in connection with the severity of symptoms of burnout among nurses. To assess empathy we used Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) by M. Davis, to measure burnout level — Maslach Burnout Test (MBT). As a result of the regression analysis of the data, the main hypothesis of the study was confirmed: it is the level of personal distress as a phenomenon of empathy dysregulation that contributes to the development of symptoms of helping professionals’ burnout. “Positive” empathic processes (perspective taking, fantasy and empathic concern) could serve as a means of burnout prevention. Personal distress is seen in its relationship with alexithymia (measured by Toronto Alexithymia Scale TAS-20-R) and psychological mindedness (propensity to psychological thinking, measured by Psychological Mindedness Scale by H. Conte) as the characteris- tics that reflect emotional regulation and coping strategies. The work experience of nurses did not act as a predictor of burnout indicators. This article was prepared with the financial support of the Russian Foundation of Hu- manities (project № 15-26-01007) and Belarusian Republican Foundation for Fundamental Research (project №Г15Р-028), international project “Empathy development in socionomic (“helping”) professions”.

Keywords: empathy, IRI test, perspective taking, fantasy, empathic concern, personal distress, empathy regulation, professional burnout, alexithymia, psychological mindedness

Column: Special topic: “The problem of empathy in modern culture”

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2017250203

For Reference

References
  1. Budagovskaya N.A., Dubrovskaya S.V., Karyagina T.D. Adaptatsiya mnogofaktor- nogo oprosnika empatii M. Devisa [Adaptation of multifactor questionnaire of empathy by M. Davis]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counsel- ing Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2013, no. 1, pp. 202—227. (in Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  2. Vodop’yanova N.E. Starchenkova E.S. Sindrom vygoraniya: diagnostika i profilak- tika [Burnout syndrome: diagnostics and prevention]. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2008. 358 p.
  3. Dvortsova E.V., Chuvashova I.A. Vygoranie i empatiya v sotsionomicheskikh pro- fessiyakh na raznykh stadiyakh professionalizatsii [Burnout and empathy in social professions on different stages of professionalization]. In V.V. Luk’yanov, A.B. Le- onova, A.A. Oboznov, A.S. Chernyshev, N.E. Vodop’yanova (eds.). Vygoranie i pro- fessionalizatsiya [Burnout and professionalization]. Kursk, 2013, pp. 218—226.
  4. Karyagina T.D. Professionalizatsiya empatii: postanovka problemy [Professionaliza- tion of Empathy: Problem Statement]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhotera- piya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2015. Vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 235—256. doi:10.17759/cpp.2015230511 (in Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  5. Karyagina T.D., Ivanova A.V. Empatiya kak sposobnost’: struktura i razvitie v khode obucheniya psikhologicheskomu konsul’tirovaniyu [Empathic as an abil- ity: structure and development in the process of psychological counseling training]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psycho- therapy], 2013, no. 4, pp. 182—207. (in Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  6. Karyagina T.D., Kukhtova N.V. Test empatii M. Devisa: adaptatsiya v mezhkul’turnom kontekste [M. Davis Empathy test: content validity and adaptation in cross-cultural context]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counsel- ing Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2016. Vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 33—61. doi:10.17759/ cpp.2016240403 (in Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  7. Karyagina T.D., Pridachuk M.A. Empaticheski obuslovlennyi distress i vozmozh- nosti ego diagnostiki [Empathically caused distress and the possibilities of its diag- nostics]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy]. 2017. Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 8—38. doi: 10.17759/cpp.2017250202. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  8. Kozina N.V. Issledovanie empatii  i ee  vliyaniya na formirovanie «sindroma emotsional’nogo sgoraniya» u meditsinskikh rabotnikov: avtoref. dis. ... kand. psik- hol. nauk. [Empathy and its influence on emotional burnout syndrome development in medical workers. Ph. D. (Psychology) Thesis]. Saint Petersburg, 1998. 25 p.
  9. Medvedskaya E.I., Sheryagina E.V. Osobennosti empatii i professional’nogo vy- goraniya belorusskikh i rossiiskikh pedagogov [Empathy and professional burnout of Russian and Belarusian teachers]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2017. Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 59—74. doi: 10.17759/cpp.2017250204. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  10. Moskacheva M.A., Kholmogorova A.B., Garanyan N.G. Aleksitimiya i sposobnost’ k empatii [Alexithymia and empathy]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2014. Vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 98—114. (in Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  11. Novikova M.A., Kornilova T.V. «Psikhologicheskaya razumnost’» v strukture intellektual’no-lichnostnogo potentsiala (adaptatsiya oprosnika) [“Psychological mindedness” in the structure of intellectual and personal potential (adaptation of questionnaire)]. Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal, 2014. Vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 95—110. (in Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  12. Olifirovich N.I., Ulasevich T.V. Trening razvitiya professional’noi identichnosti u studentov sotsionomnykh professii [Training and development of professional iden- tity in students of social professions]. Psikhologiya v vuze: Ezhekvartal’nyi nauchno- metodicheskii zhurnal [Psychology in university: Quarterly scientific-methodologi- cal journal], 2009, no. 3, pp. 69—108.
  13. Sirota N.A., Moskovchenko D.V., Yaltonskii V.M., Kochetkov, Ya.A., Yaltonska- ya A.V. Psikhodiagnostika emotsional’nykh skhem: rezul’taty aprobatsii russkoya- zychnoi kratkoi versii shkaly emotsional’nykh skhem R. Likhi [Psychodiagnostics of emotional schemas: the results of transcultural adaptation and assessment of psychometric properties of Russian Version of Leahy Emotional Schema Scale II (LESS II RUS)]. Obozrenie psikhiatrii i meditsinskoi psikhologii imeni V.M. Bekhte- reva [V.M. Bekhterev review of psychiatry and medical psychology], 2016, no. 1, pp. 66—71.
  14. Starostina E.G., Teilor G.D., Kvilti L.K., Bobrov A.E., Moshnyaga E.N., Puzy- reva N.V., Bobrova M.A., Ivashkina M.G., Krivchikova M.N., Shavrikova E.P., Be- gbi R.M. Torontskaya shkala aleksitimii (20 punktov): validizatsiya russkoyazychnoi versii na vyborke terapevticheskikh bol’nykh [A new 20-item version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale: validation of the Russian language translation in a sample of medical patients]. Sotsial’naya i klinicheskaya psikhiatriya [Social and clinical psy- chiatry], 2010. Vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 31—38. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  15. Shadrikov V.D. Professional’nye sposobnosti. Moscow: AST; Astrel’, 2010. 320 p.
  16. Batson C.D., Fultz J., Schoenrade P.A. Distress and empathy: two qualitatively dis- tinct vicarious emotions with different motivational consequences. Journal of per- sonality, 1987. Vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 19—40. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.1987.tb00426.x
  17. Faul F., Erdfelder E. Lang, A.-G., Buchner A. G*Power 3: A flexible statistical pow- er analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 2007. Vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 175—191. doi:10.3758/BF03193146
  18. Faul F., Erdfelder E., Buchner A., Lang, A.-G. Statistical power analyses using G*Power 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behavior Research Meth- ods, 2009. Vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 1149—1160. doi:10.3758/BRM.41.4.1149
  19. Taylor Z.E., Eisenberg N., Spinrad T.L, Eggum N.D., Sulik M.J. The relations of Ego-resiliency and emotion socialization to the development of empathy and pro- social behavior across early childhood. Emotion, 2013. Vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 822—831. doi:10.1037/a0032894
  20. Zahn-Waxler C., Knafo A., Van Hulle C.A., Robinson J., Rhee S.H. The develop- mental origins of a disposition toward empathy: genetic and environmental contri- butions. Emotion, 2008. Vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 737—752. doi:10.1037/a0014179
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2017 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE NEW!

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Webometrics Яндекс.Метрика