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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

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Pedagogical, Psychological And Psychotherapeutic Help In Overcoming Learning Difficulties To Facilitate Development

Zaretsky V.K., Ph.D. in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Department of Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education; Head of Laboratory of Psychological and Pedagogical Problems of Continuous Education of children and youth with disabilities and Special Needs, Institute of Integrated (Inclusive) Education Problems, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, zar-victor@yandex.ru
Kholmogorova A.B., Doctor in Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Psychological Counseling, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, kholmogorova@yandex.ru
Abstract
The paper discusses theoretical foundations for organising the work and interaction of various specialists who help children with learning difficulties (teachers, counsellors, therapists). The multidimensional model of the zone of proximal development based on cultural-historical psychology and developed in the theoretical framework of the Reflection and Activity Approach is proposed to be such a basic value. We connect different types of help to various developmental dimensions and consider them as technologies to enhancing the client’s development. We elaborate on the essence of such concepts as collaboration, zone of proximal development, agency, reflection, and problem’s epicentre. We present different ways of operational use of these concepts as applied to helping children with learning difficulties. The concept of double resource that we propose is important for developing new techniques of working within the zone of proximal development; it is this basis that certain technologies of organising the client’s reflection are relying on. We provide examples of counselling children using this approach.

Keywords: cultural-historical psychology, help in overcoming learning difficulties, cognitive-behavioural therapy, reflective-activity approach, multivector model of the zone of proximal development, reflection, double resource, problem’s epicenter

Column: Theory and methodology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2017250303

For Reference

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