Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2018. Vol. 26, no. 1)

Web of Science International database Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory DOAJ Higher Attestation Commission Russian Science Citation Index VINITI Database RAS

Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

The Psychological State of Family Members Who Have Experienced Various Forms of Suicide of a Loved One (Single Attempt, Chronic Suicide, Completed Suicide)

Borisonik E.V., lecturer, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia, borisonik-ev@mail.ru
Kholmogorova A.B., Doctor in Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Psychological Counseling, MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, kholmogorova@yandex.ru
Abstract
The suicidal behavior of a member of a family influences the emotional well-being of his/her relatives. This paper presents the results of a pilot study of emotional well-being, coping strategies and characteristics of the family system among relatives of persons with suicidal behavior. The study involved 40 people, the total sample was divided into three subgroups: relatives of patients who survived the first suicide attempt (n = 16); relatives of patients after multiple suicide attempts (n = 10); relatives of persons who committed suicide (n = 14). In the first part of the study, the symptoms of emotional distress were analyzed for the entire sample. Relatives of people with different forms of suicidal behavior are at risk of depression: two-thirds of the combined sample showed increased symptoms of depression. The coping strategies of positive redefinition and personal growth are negatively correlated with symptoms of depression. In the second part of the study, we analyzed differences between subgroups. The severity of the symptoms of depression is significantly higher in the subgroup of relatives of people with completed suicide compared to relatives of those who survived a single suicide attempt, the indicators of hardiness and cohesion of the family system are lower in the families of people with multiple suicide attempts compared to other forms of suicidal behavior.

Keywords: suicide, family members, suicide survivors, suicide attempt, suicidal behavior, chronically suicidal patient

Column: Empirical studies

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2018260105

For Reference

References
  1. Ambrumova A.G., Postovalova L.I. Semeinaya diagnostika i voprosy profilaktiki suitsidal’nogo povedeniya [Family diagnostics and prevention of suicidal behavior]. In A.G. Ambrumova (ed.). Problemy profilaktiki i reabilitatsii v suitsidologii [Problems of prevention and rehabilitation of suicidology]. Moscow: Publ. NII psikhiatrii MZ RSFSR, 1984, pp. 62—77.
  2. Borisonik E.V., Lyubov E.B. Kliniko-psikhologicheskie posledstviya suitsida dlya sem’i zhertvy [Clinical and psychological consequences for the families of suicide victim]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [ Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2016. Vol. 24 (3), pp. 25—41. doi:10.17759/cpp.2016240303. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  3. Borisonik E.V., Lyubov E.B., Parshin A.N., Tsuprun V.E. Bremya sem’i, vyzvannoe suitsidal’noi popytkoi blizkogo rodstvennika [The burden of the family caused by the suicidal attempt of a close relative]. Materialy 5-i mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Dushevnoe zdorov’e naseleniya na granitse Evropy i Azii” (g. Orenburg, 26—28 oktyabrya 2015 g.) [Proceedings of the 5th International Scientific and Practical Conference “Mental Health of the Population on the Border between Europe and Asia”]. Orenburg, 2015, pp. 18—19.
  4. Ivanov P.A., Garanyan N.G. Aprobatsiya oprosnika koping-strategii (COPE) [Validation of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire COPE]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2010, no. 1, pp. 82—93. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  5. Osin E.N., Rasskazova E.I. Kratkaya versiya testa zhiznestoikosti: psikhometricheskie kharakteristiki i primenenie v organizatsionnom kontekste [A short version of the hardiness test: psychometric characteristics and application in the organizational context]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14. Psikhologiya [Moscow University Herald. Series 14. Psychology], 2013, no. 2, pp. 147—165.
  6. Pol’skaya N.A. Rol’ sotsial’nykh faktorov v razvitii samopovrezhdayushchego povedeniya [Elektronnyi resurs] [The role of social factors in the development of self-injurious behavior]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial’naya psikhologiya [Clinical Psychology and Special Education], 2012, no. 2, pp. 40—52. Available at: http://psyjournals.ru/ en/psyclin/2012/n2/54581.shtml (Accessed: 20.12.2017). (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  7. Syrokvashina K.V. Sovremennye psikhologicheskie modeli suitsidal’nogo povedeniya v podrostkovom vozraste [Modern psychological models of suicidal behavior in adolescents]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2017. Vol. 25 (3), pp. 60—75. doi:10.17759/cpp.2017250304. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  8. Syrokvashina K.V., Dozortseva E.G. Psikhologicheskie faktory riska suitsidal’nogo povedeniya u podrostkov [Psychological factors of risk of suicidal behavior in adolescents]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2016. Vol. 24 (3), pp. 8—24. doi:10.17759/cpp.2016240302. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  9. Tarabrina N.V. Praktikum po psikhologii posttravmaticheskogo stressa [Practical guide to the psychology of post-traumatic stress]. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2001. 272 p.
  10. Tukaev R.D. Psikhicheskaya travma i suitsidal’noe povedenie: analiticheskii obzor literatury s 1986 po 2001 gody [Mental trauma and suicidal behavior: review of the literature from 1986 to 2001]. Sotsial’naya i klinicheskaya psikhiatriya [ Social and clinical psychiatry], 2003. Vol. 13 (1), pp. 151—163.
  11. Fedunina N.Yu., Bannikov G.S. Svyaz’ semeinoi splochennosti i adaptivnosti po oprosniku faces-3 s proyavleniyami sotsial’no-psikhologicheskogo neblagopoluchiya nesovershennoletnikh [Association of family cohesion and adaptation measured by faces-3 scale with psychological wellbeing in adolescence]. Tyumenskii meditsinskii zhurnal [Tyumen Medical Journal], 2016. Vol. 18 (4), pp. 22—35.
  12. Kholmogorova A.B., Garanyan N.G., Gorshkova D.A., Mel’nik A.M. Suitsidal’noe povedenie v studencheskoi populyatsii [Suicidal behavior in the student population]. Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya [Cultural-Historical Psychology], 2009, no. 3, pp. 101—110. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  13. Eidemiller E.G., Dobryakov I.V., Nikol’skaya I.M. Semeinyi diagnoz i semeinaya psikhoterapiya. Uchebnoe posobie dlya vrachei i psikhologov. Izd. 2-e, ispr. i dop. [Family diagnosis and family psychotherapy. Handbook for doctors and psychologists. 2nd edition, revised and expanded]. Saint Petersburg: Rech’, 2006. 352 p.
  14. Ahookhosh P., Bahmani B., Asgari A., Hassanian Moghaddam H. Family Relationships and Suicide Ideation: The Mediating Roles of Anxiety, Hopelessness, and Depression in Adolescents. International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction, 2017. Vol. 6 (1). Available at: http://jhrba.com/en/articles/13233.html (Accessed 20.11.2013). doi:10.5812/ijhrba.31573
  15. Asare-Doku W., Osafo J., Akotia C.S. The experiences of attempt survivor families and how they cope after a suicide attempt in Ghana: a qualitative study. BMC Psychiatry, 2017. Vol. 17 (1). doi:10.1186/s12888-017-1336-9
  16. Buus N., Caspersen J., Hansen R., Stenager E., Fleischer E. Experiences of parents whose sons or daughters have (had) attempted suicide. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2014. Vol. 70 (4), pp. 823—832. doi:10.1111/jan.12243
  17. Cerel J., Jordan J., Duberstein P. The impact of suicide on the family. Crisis, 2008. Vol. 29 (1), pp. 38—44. doi:10.1027/0227-5910.29.1.38
  18. Daly P. Mothers living with suicidal adolescents: a phenomenological study of their experience. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 2005. Vol. 43 (3), pp. 22—28.
  19. de Groot M., Kollen B.J. Course of bereavement over 8-10 years in first degree relatives and spouses of people who committed suicide: Longitudinal community based cohort study. BMJ, 2013. Vol. 347. Available at: http://www.bmj.com/ content/347/bmj.f5519 (Accessed 15.01.2018). doi:10.1136/bmj.f5519
  20. Ferrey A. Hughes N.D, Simkin S., Locock L., Stewart A., Kapur N., Gunnell D., Hawton K. Changes in parenting strategies after a young person’s self-harm: a qualitative study. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2016. Vol.10 (1). doi:10.1186/s13034-016-0110-y
  21. Lohan J.A., Murphy S.A. Family functioning and family typology after an adolescent or young adults’ sudden violent death. Journal of Family Nursing, 2002. Vol. 8 (1), pp. 32—49. doi:10.1177/107484070200800103
  22. McGivern F.E. The personal impact of uncompleted suicide on partners: transformations for better, for worse: Doctor of Psychotherapy thesis. Dublin, 2014. 204 p.
  23. Rutherford P. An Exploration by Interview of the Feelings of Mothers of Adolescent Children who have attempted Suicide. Dissertation theses … Master of Arts. London, 2005.
  24. Sands D., Tennant M. Transformative learning in the context of suicide bereavement. Adult Education Quarterly, 2010. Vol. 60 (2), pp. 99—121. doi:10.1177/0741713609349932
  25. Torraville M.A. Adolescent Suicidal Behaviours: A Phenomenological Study of Mothers’ Experiences. Dissertation Theses … Master of Nursing. St. John’s Newfoundland, 2000. 92 p.
  26. Tousignant M., Hamel S., Bastien M.F. Family structure, parent-child relationships and suicidal behavior in high-school. Santé mentale au Québec, 1988. Vol. 13 (2), pp. 79—93.
  27. Young I.T., Iglewicz A., Glorioso D., Lanouette N., Seay K., Ilapakurti M., Zisook S. Suicide bereavement and complicated grief. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 2012. Vol. 14 (2), pp. 177—186.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2018 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE NEW!

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика