Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2018. Vol. 26, no. 2)

Web of Science International database Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory DOAJ Higher Attestation Commission Russian Science Citation Index VINITI Database RAS

Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Semantic Differential of a Life Situation

Alexandrova O.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Psychology, Division of Palliative Care, Autonomous Non-Commercial Organization “Childrens Hospice”, St.Petersburg, Russia, al-ov@bk.ru
Dermanova I.B., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology of Development and Differential Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, dermanova@mail.ru
Abstract
The article presents the results of the development of the Semantic Differential of Life Situation (SDLS), implemented in the framework of psycho-semantic approach. The proposed method is aimed at assessing cognitive and emotional components of the subjective perception of life situation. As its main semantic axes, the following factors were identified: situation handling, emotional experience of the situation, positive expectations, ordinary and daily occurrence, resolvability, personal involvement and a belief that the situation is surmountable, energy, level of understanding. The approbation sample consists of adults who are in a conventionally normal (105 people) and difficult life situation (35 people). The results of the psychometric testing showed significant differences in their perceptive-cognitive image of the life situation, confirmed the criteria validity of the method, and discovered how some of the situation’s objective characteristics influenced the perception of the situation to a degree. The article presents the results of the development of the Semantic Differential of Life Situation (SDLS), implemented in the framework of psycho-semantic approach. The proposed method is aimed at assessing cognitive and emotional components of the subjective perception of life situation. As its main semantic axes, the following factors were identified: situation handling, emotional experience of the situation, positive expectations, ordinary and daily occurrence, resolvability, personal involvement and a belief that the situation is surmountable, energy, level of understanding. The approbation sample consists of adults who are in a conventionally normal (105 people) and difficult life situation (35 people). The results of the psychometric testing showed significant differences in their perceptive-cognitive image of the life situation, confirmed the criteria validity of the method, and discovered how some of the situation’s objective characteristics influenced the perception of the situation to a degree.

Keywords: semantic differential, life situation, semantic units, semantic approach

Column: Methods of diagnosing personality directedness in significant life situations

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2018260307

For Reference

References
  1. Aleksandrova O.V. Differentsial’no-psikhologicheskie faktory perezhivaniya i koping-povedeniya vzroslykh v trudnoi zhiznennoi situatsii: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. psikhol. nauk. [Differential-psychological factors of emotional experience and coping behaviour of adults in a difficult life situation. PhD (Psychology) Thesis]. Saint Petersburg, 2017. 27 p.
  2. Argyle M. Osnovnye kharakteristiki situatsii [The main characteristics of situations]. In N.V. Grishina (ed.). Psikhologiya sotsial’nykh situatsii: Khrestomatiya [Psychology of social situations]. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2001, pp. 178—188. (In Russ.).
  3. Bizyuk A.P., Wasserman L.I., Iovlev B.V. Primenenie integrativnogo testa trevozhnosti (ITT): metodicheskie rekomendatsii [The Application of the Integrative Test of Anxiety: Methodic Recommendations]. Saint Petersburg: SPb NIPNI im. V.M. Bekhtereva Publ., 2005. 23 p.
  4. Wasserman L.I. Trifonova E.A., Chervinskaya K.R. Semanticheskii differentsial vremeni: ekspertnaya i psikhodiagnosticheskaya sistema v meditsinskoi psikhologii. Posobie dlya vrachei i meditsinskikh psikhologov [Semantic Differential of time: expert psycho-diagnostic system of medical psychology: A manual for physicians and medical psychologists]. Saint Petersburg: SPb NIPNI im. V.M. Bekhtereva Publ., 2009. 44 p.
  5. Zhukovskaya L.V., Troshikhina E.G. Shkala psikhologicheskogo blagopoluchiya K. Riff [Scale of psychological well-being by K. Riff]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal, 2011. Vol. 32 (2), pp. 82—93.
  6. Kotel’nikova Yu.A. Zhiznennye stremleniya kak lichnostnyi konstrukt. Metodika diagnostiki [Elektronnyi resurs] [Life aspirations as constructs of the personal. Diagnostic technique]. Available at: http://www.b17.ru/article/14186/ (Accessed 01.07.2016).
  7. Kurganskii N.A., Nemchin T.A. Otsenka psikhicheskoi aktivatsii, interesa, emotsional’nogo tonusa, napryazheniya i komfortnosti [Technique of diagnostics of mental activation, interest, emotional tone voltage and comfort]. In Krylova A.A., Manicheva S.A. (eds.). Praktikum po obshchei, eksperimental’noi i prikladnoi psikhologii: 2-e izd., dop. i pererab. [Workshop on general, experimental and applied psychology: 2nd ed., revised and expanded]. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2003, pp. 303—309.
  8. Magnusson D. Situatsionnyi analiz: empiricheskie issledovaniya sootnoshenii vykhodov i situatsii [Situational analysis: Empirical studies of correlations outputs of the situations]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal, 1983, no. 2, pp. 29—54.
  9. Osin E.N., Leont’ev D.A. Aprobatsiya russkoyazychnykh versii dvukh shkal ekspress-otsenki sub”ektivnogo blagopoluchiya [Validation of Russian versions of two brief subjective well-being scales]. Sbornik Materialov Tret’ego Vserossiiskogo sotsiologicheskogo kongressa [Proceedings of the Third Russian Sociological Congress]. Moscow: Institut sotsiologii RAN, Rossiiskoe obshchestvo sotsiologov, 2008, p. 17.
  10. Parfenova N.B. O podkhodakh k klassifikatsii i diagnostike zhiznennykh situatsii [About approaches to the classification and diagnosis of life situations]. Vestnik Pskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Sotsial’no-gumanitarnye i psikhologo-pedagogicheskie nauki [Pskov State University Bulletin. Socio-psychological and pedagogical sciences], 2009, no. 9, pp. 109—117.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2018 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE NEW!

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика