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The practice of expertise of pacifist beliefs by the joint council of religious communities and groups in the soviet state
Stvolygin K.V., associate professor, Minsk branch of the Russian State Social University, Minsk, Belarus
The purpose of this article is to present the Russian practice of expertise of pacifist beliefs in recruits by a public organization – the Joint Council of the religious communities and groups in the Soviet state in 1918-1920 years. We analyze the expertise procedure, the methods and criteria used, their priority, and the circumstances that adversely affect the Joint Council expertise objectivity. Among these circumstances, we highlighted the unsolved problem of the criteria to judge the validity of the pacifist religious beliefs, the limited methods used in examinations (survey, interview, document analysis). The consequence of this unresolved problem is possible bias of experts – members of the Joint Council, as well as conflict with the People's Commissariat of Justice, which led to the termination of the Joint Expert Council of religious communities and groups.
Keywords: Joint Council of religious communities and groups, examination of pacifist religious beliefs, methods, criteria, objectivity, alternative service.