Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 9, no. 2)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Scientific approach to the problem of early memories and self-criminals 1405

Ogor A., student of Magistracy "Legal psychology: Forensic Practice", Medical University Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, a.ogor@kellyservices.ru
Debolskiy M.G., PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of legal psychology and law, faculty of legal psychology, DOCTOR OF EDUCATION MSUPE, Moscow, Russia, mdebolsky@mail.ru
Abstract
The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the problem of early memories and self-criminals. Discussed issues are dealt with in line with the concept of Alfred Adler. It is shown that the earliest memories are the starting point autobiography man, they traced the first self-assessment, which is the basis of self-identity and forms of life style. Hypothesized the existence of a relationship between the content of early memories and self-esteem, which is a prerequisite for the formation of a criminal lifestyle significant portion of offenders. This hypothesis the authors try to justify theoretically based on the analysis of large amounts of foreign) theoretical work (J. Bruner, C. Miner, G. Murray, J.. Kramer, S. Tomkins, L. Ross and Newby-Clark, M. Singer and P. Salovey, L. and D. McAdams Polkington and some empirical studies (A. Molostvov). The article describes the main points of view on the question of the correctness of reproducible human memories. The authors share the position Adler what certain childhood experiences form the self-esteem of man. And if a child has formed inferiority in a certain area, the man all his life to strive to overcome it and it was on the values in this field will build his self-esteem. It is shown that it is important to find the fundamental mistakes made in the early period of development of the personality of the individual, then using a specific therapy can fix them well into adulthood. Thus, the article focuses on the reader an opportunity to improve the psychotherapeutic work with early memories of convicts and reducing the risk of re-offending.

Keywords: earliest memories, lifestyle, self-esteem, commitment to excellence, autobiographical memory, narrative.

Column: Psychology of Deviant and Criminal Behavior

For Reference

References
  1. Adler A. Individual'naja psihologija: teorija i praktika. – SPb: Leningradskij Gosudarstvennyj universitet, 1993. – 107 p.
  2. Adler A. Nauka zhit'. – Kiev: Port-Royal, 1997. – 286 p.
  3. Bovin B.G., Kokurin A.V., Mokrecov A.I. Psihologicheskie aspekty izuchenija lichnosti osuzhdennogo // Prestuplenie i nakazanie, 2004, № 9. – pp.18–20.
  4. Bovin B.G. Jego-psihologija osuzhdennyh s recidivnoj prestupnost'ju // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie, 2010, № 1. – pp.1–17.
  5. Debol'skij M.G. Vozmozhnosti psihologicheskoj sluzhby ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy v realizacii celej nakazanija // Razvitie lichnosti. 2012, № 3. – pp. 230–241.
  6. Kaprara Dzh. Psihologija lichnosti / Dzh. Kaprara, D. Servon. – SPb: Piter, 2003. – 640 p.
  7. MakAdams D.P. Psihologija zhiznennyh istorij // Metodologija i istorija psihologii. 2008. Tom 3. Vypusk 3. – pp.135–166.
  8. Molostvov A.V. Osobennosti samootnoshenija osuzhdennyh zhenshhin, otbyvajushhih nakazanie v vide lishenija svobody za nasil'stvennye prestuplenija, sovershennye v otnoshenii blizkih rodstvennikov // Prikladnaja juridicheskaja psihologija. 2010, № 4. – pp.73–78.
  9. Molostvov A.V. Osobennosti semejnogo vospitanija i mezhlichnostnogo obshhenija osuzhdennyh zhenshhin, otbyvajushhih nakazanie v vide lishenija svobody za nasil'stvennye prestuplenija, sovershennye v otnoshenii blizkih rodstvennikov // Prikladnaja juridicheskaja psihologija. 2010, № 3. – pp. 91–100.
  10. Ratinov A.R., Konstantinova N.Ja., Sobchik E.M. Samoocenka prestupnikov // Lichnost' prestupnika kak ob#ekt psihologicheskogo issledovanija: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. M., 1979. – pp. 63–78.
  11. Sidorenko E.V. Jeksperimental'naja gruppovaja psihologija. Kompleks «nepolnocennosti» i analiz rannih vospominanij v koncepcii Al'freda Adlera / E.V. Sidorenko. – SPb, 1993. – 152 p.
  12. Sostojanie prestupnosti – janvar'-avgust 2014 goda [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. 2013. URL: http://mvd.ru/Deljatelnost/statistics/reports/item/2534121 (data obrashhenija: 25.09.2014).
  13. Brewer W.F. What is autobiographical memory? // Autobiographical memory. – New York, 1986. P. 25–49.
  14. Cain A.C. Children's disturbed reactions to parent suicide. In Survivors of suicide. – Springfield, Illinois: C.C. Thomas, 1972. P. 93–111.
  15. Downey G. Early interpersonal trauma and later adjustment: The mediational role of rejection sensitivity. In Development perspectives on trauma: Theory, research and intervention // Rochester, New York: University of Rochester Press, 1997. P. 85–114.
  16. Herman J.L. Traumatic antecedents of borderline personality disorder. In Psychological trauma // Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1987. – P.111–126.
  17. Kalmuss D. The intergenerational transmission of marital aggression. // Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1984. № 46. – P.11–19.
  18. McAdams D.P. Personal narratives and the life story // Handbook of personality: Theory and research. – 2 nd ed. – New York, 1999. – P. 478–500.
  19. McAdams D.P. Personality, modernity and the storied self: A contemporary framework for studying persons // Psychol. Ing., 1996. № 7. – P. 295–321.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика