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The problem of a psychological definition of "Legally relevant situations"
Bogdanovich N.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Forensic Psychology, Department of Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Delibalt V.V., Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Associate Professor, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Chair of Forensic and Legal Psychology and Law, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education , Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Degtyarev A.V., senior Lecturer, Chair of Law Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education , Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
The article analyzes the concept of "legally significant situation." Discusses the classification of situations from the point of view of criminology and forensic psychological assessment. Highlights the main features of this type of situations from the point of view of psychology: the nature of conflict, involving the participation of third parties, as well as the presence of certain psychological consequences. This allows to describe the Genesis of certain situations, and to identify the States generated at each stage. It is also noted that the specificity of the legally significant cases involving minors is its group nature (the child as part of a family or other group). Thus, it is possible to give the following definition of a legally relevant situation within legal psychology, children and adolescents: a situation involving minors, subjects who are in relationships, conflict is caused by interactions in the legal context, which leads not only to legally relevant, but also to the psychological consequences for its participants.
Keywords: the legal concepts the situation, a legally meaningful situation, the types of situations the legal facts, legally significant action, the conflict, the psychological effects, problem, crisis and critical situation of minors, the law.