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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Clinical and psychological features of addict people with an incomplete suicide attempt 1563

Zhuravleva T.V., Junior Researcher, laboratory of Medical Biochemistry and Psychoneuroendocrinology, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation – Institute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, tita1993@mail.ru
Enikolopov S.N., PhD in Psychology, head, Department of Clinical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia, enikolopov@mail.ru
Zubareva O.V., PhD in Medicine, Head of psychosomatic disorders department , N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, olgazubareva@yandex.ru
Chernaia M.I., Junior Researcher, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine, Moscow, Russia, Chernaya_masha@mail.ru
Abstract
The article presents results of social, psychological and clinical aspects of suicidal behaviour of alcohol addicts and drug addicts with incomplete suicide attempts, admitted to the Department of crisis states and psychosomatic disorders, Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Ambulance Service from November 2014 to June 2015. The majority of addicts (70%) showed an affective kind of suicidal actions. During an acute post-suicidal period all examined patients revealed value-oriented approach to life. Conflict becomes irrelevant as a result of expressed fear of death and fear of social and transcendental consequences of an suicide act. Alcohol addicts feel guilty towards relatives and others, and need of their support. They have significantly increased fear to loss of social identity. Drug addicts have maintained negative view of near and distant future events, they consider the act of suicide as an effective and radical way of solving life problems. Based on our findings we concluded that the risk of repeat suicide attempts in patients with alcohol dependence can be caused by the weakness of self-management skills and lack of microsocial environmental support, while a similar risk in persons with drug addiction can be due to negative view of their own future and the degree of social maladjustment.

Keywords: suicidal behavior, incomplete suicide attempts, alcohol addiction, drug addiction.

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2015050405

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