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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

Started in 2011

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Factors that contribute to the stigmatization of victims in emergency situations 79

Gurin I.V., Ph.D. in Medicine, senior researcher of the Department of urgent psychiatry and the help at emergency situations, Federal State Budgetary Institution "V. Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
Zakharova N.M., Ph.D. in Medicine, senior researcher of the Department of urgent psychiatry and the help at emergency situations, Federal State Budgetary Institution "V. Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, natali_oslo@mail.ru
Abstract
The technique of studying of processes of stigmatization of victims in emergency is insufficiently developed now and is based on results of practical observations of certain experts and methodical adaptations. Surveying features of internal and external stigmatization which is traumatic for victims and leads to weighting of experiences, negative development of the cognitive scheme "I-in-the-event", its dynamics, the authors define them as the adverse prognostic moments in a psychotherapy of the studied category of persons. In the article there is made an attempt of survey systematization of a series of social and demographic and environmental factors which have to be known to the expert working with the victim in emergency that in due time and precisely to diagnose character of consequences of a psychological trauma, to prognosticate the course of post-stressful disorders and to plan psychocorrectional influence. There are selected the characteristics of victims in emergency (an invalidism and traumatization, age, gender factors, education level) having significant effect on stigmatization development. The author analyses some of the problems arising during a psychotherapy of patients with stigma, defines the factors increasing probability of a delay with the request for the specialized help or refusal of therapy.

Keywords: : emergency situation, external and internal stigmatization of victims, factors of development of post-stressful disorders, aftertreatment of victims in emergency.

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2017070305

For Reference

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