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Social and psychological adaptation of the personality of juvenile suspects, accused and convicted persons, with different attitude to the criminal subculture
Dyachkova Yu.E., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate Professor of psychology of development and age counseling faculty of psychology, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russia, email@example.com
The article deals with the problem of the spread of criminal subculture among juvenile suspects, accused and convicted persons, their adherence to the rules, the laws of the criminal environment, as well as personal features that contribute to this. The key attention is paid to the study of social and psychological adaptation of minors in places of detention. It is assumed that there is a connection between the adherence to the norms of the criminal subculture and the personal characteristics of minors, the level of their social and psychological adaptation. The pilot study was attended by 23 juvenile boys aged 15 to 18 years, Russian, committed various crimes. The paper used review-analytical, psychodiagnostic methods, methods of mathematical and statistical processing. As a result, three types of minors are determined by the degree of their adherence to the norms of the criminal subculture, the features of social and psychological adaptation and the associated personality traits of juvenile suspects, accused and convicted persons are studied, and the correlation links between the integral indicators of social and psychological adaptation are established. The results can contribute to the development and implementation of psychoprophylactic and psychocorrection programs aimed at leveling the negative impact of criminal subculture norms among minors in isolation.