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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

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Socio-psychological characteristics of the leaders of the juvenile convicts

Koteneva A.V., Doctor in Psychology, Professor of scientific bases of extremal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, akoteneva@yandex.ru
Likhacheva S.N, Deputy head of the Department of psychological work organization, FSIN of Russia, S89127614190@ yandex.ru
Kokurin A.V., professor, chair of scientific basis of extreme psychology, department of extreme psychology , Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, kokurin1@bk.ru
Abstract
The problem of role differentiation of leadership among juvenile convicts is a socially significant and poorly studied problem in modern psychological science. The results of a study of 60 young men serving sentences in young offenders' institutions of the Federal penitentiary service of Russia in the age from 16 to 18 years are presented in the paper. “Leadership style” Questionnaire of R. Bale-K. Schneider (modification T.V. Bendas), “Leadership abilities” Questionnaire of E. Zharikova, E. Krushelnitskogo, “Communicative and organizational tendencies” Questionnaire of V.V. Sinyavsky and V.A. Fedoroshin, “Communicative control” Questionnaire of M. Schneider, “Emotional intelligence” Questionnaire of N. Hall, “Progressive matrix” of Raven were used to diagnosis of socio-psychological qualities of juvenile convict, as well as observations psychologists institutions and educators. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney criterion and factor analysis were applied. The results show that there are formal and informal leaders among juvenile convicts. Formal leaders stand out only in the business sphere and have a positive focus, informal leaders can be positive and negative, business and emotional. Leaders are more focused on solving problems, have developed leadership qualities, organizational and communication abilities. However, the prognostic qualities to identify a leader among juvenile convicts are not only leadership tendencies, but also the qualities of emotional intelligence, allowing to assess the situation, manage their emotions, to have a psychological impact on the state of others.

Keywords: communication and organizational skills, communicative control, leadership tendencies, juvenile convict, role differentiation, informal leader, formal leader, emotional intelligence.

Column: Juvenile Legal Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2018080315

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