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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Special Aspects of Neuropsychic Maladaptation in Specialists of Various Professions 106

Kovaleva M.E., Junior Researcher Associate of the Laboratory of the psychohygiene and psychoprophylaxis, Federal State Budgetary Institution "V. Serbsky Nathional Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, kovaleva_me@inbox.ru
Abstract
The article presents the results of a study of the characteristics of neuropsychic maladaptation in specialists of various professions. The study sample included 287 males. Сharacteristics of neuropsychic maladaptation specific to leading activity were defined with the help of methodology that evaluate the features of self-control, the level of aggressiveness, the activation and inhibition systems of behavior, the formal-dynamic properties of temperament and its type. The sensorimotor type of activity is characterized by an increase in the level of psychoticism, intellectual and communicative plasticity, modeling and flexibility of the activity regulation links. For employees with a leading security and escort type of activity, significant changes are a decrease in the overall level of self-regulation and psychoticism. Specialists of intellectual and analytical activity are characterized by low rates of extraversion, flexibility and modeling of activity and physical activity. Students demonstrate high physical activity, extraversion and a high level of general self-regulation, a decrease in intellectual and communicative plasticity, egocentrism.

Keywords: neuropsychic maladaptation, individual psychological traits, leading professional activity.

Column: Psychology of Professional Activity

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2019090316

For Reference

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