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Psychophysiology of Mother and Infant: Results and Perspectives
Sokolova L.V., Doctor of Biology, Head of the Department of Human Biology and Biotechnical Systems, Higher School of Natural Sciences and Technologies, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Nizhnevartovsk, Russia, email@example.com
For many years researchers of Saint-Petersburg State University have been conducting studies in the domain of protection of motherhood and early infancy which allowed not only to find original solutions to many fundamental problems of modern science but also to elaborate a complex of practical activities aimed to amplify the adaptive functions of woman's organism during pregnancy and to develop the optimal ways to establish a relationship with a baby which would allow his adequate and full-fledged engagement with a socio-cultural environment. It was demonstrated that the quality of motherinfant relationship during the first year, mother's sensitivity and responsiveness towards signals which infant produces, influence the child's attachment formation. Yet, these micro-factors, apparently, are not the leading ones, but they act together with the macro-factors which depend on the influence of other family members and society as a whole.