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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

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Functionality and Basic Capabilities of Preschool Children with Down Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorders 940

Kazmin A.M., PhD in Medicine, Professor, Department of Neuro and Pathopsychology of Development, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, mgppukprd@gmail.com
Dugina O., teacher-defectologist, Moscow state educational institution combined-type kindergarten №1540, Moscow, Russia, olgdug@rambler.ru
Pisarenko O.G., student, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, neroliscented@gmail.com
Prochuhaeva M., assistant manager, Moscow state educational institution combined-type kindergarten №288, masha021066@yandex.ru
Abstract
We have examined and compared the status of functionality and basic capabilities (gross and fine motor, visual and auditory basic skills, basic capabilities to interaction, communication and education) of preschoolers with Down syndrome (21 children, age 69 ± 20 months) and Autism spectrum disorders (21 children, age 61 ± 14 months) with the questionnaires F-07 and "Basic capabilities ". Have been revealed the expressed variability of the level of functionality and reduced patterns of the basic capabilities for both groups of children. Have been demonstrated a significant strong positive connections between the levels of functionality and basic capabilities, except for the motor capabilities, in both groups. The reduction structures of the basic capabilities of the children with Down syndrome and Autism spectrum disorders were found to be different: first were more successful in vision, hearing, the interaction and communication, and second in a fine motor skills.

Keywords: preschool child, development, capability, functionality, Down syndrome, autism

Column: Empirical research

For Reference

References
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