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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

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Cognitive Defect in Children and Adolescents with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: Psychometric and Neuropsychological Approaches to the Assessment of Cognitive Disorders 1702

Strogova S., PhD in Psychology, junior researcher in the Department of Clinical Psychology, Mental health research center, Moscow, Russia, svetkawow@mail.ru
Sergienko A., PhD in Psychology, senior researcher, laboratory of Clinical psychology, Mental health research center, Moscow, Russia, aumsan@gmail.com
Zvereva N.V., PhD in Psychology, Professor Department of Neuro- and Patho-Psychology, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Medical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, nwzvereva@gmail.com
Abstract
The article is devoted to the diagnostic approaches of cognitive defects in schizophrenia using psychometric and neuropsychological methods. The clinical psychological research results of different kinds of cognitive defects in children and adolescents with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (74 subjects of average age of 11 ± 2 years old, 18 of which have passed a complete neuropsychological examination) are described. We have compared psychrometric and neuropsychological diagnostics results of children and adolescents with schizophrenia spectrum disorders with the results of reference group of children with normal development. The differences of intellectual levels depending on the diagnosis have been marked and the respective types of cognitive defect are described. The total (most severe) defect has been detected in children with progredient schizophrenia (F20). While in other groups (children and adolescents with non-progredient schizophrenia) there has been revealed partial defect. Complex psychometric and neuropsychological diagnostics allows to make more detailed evaluation of the cognitive defect and its structure. Neuropsychological diagnostics has also confirmed that there are intensity differences of brain dysfunction between the diagnosed groups. Patients with сhildren schizophrenia (F20) have notable dysfunctions (or functional immaturity) of cortical structures, while in the group of children with diagnosis of episodic schizophrenia (episodic with progressive clinical course) with progressive or stable defect (F20.x) impairment of interhemispheric coordination has been observed. Children and adolescents with schizotypal disorder (F21) have showed dysfunctions of subcortical structures. Our research results support the hypotheses about the interrelation between kinds of cognitive defect and specificity of neuropsychological status in children and adolescents with different kinds of progredient schizophrenia spectrum disorders.

Keywords: defect, child schizophrenia, intellect, diagnosis, psychometric diagnostics, neuropsychological diagnostics, dissociation

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2016050105

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