Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2018. Vol. 7, no. 2)

Web of Science EBSCO Academic Search DOAJ ERIH PLUS Higher Attestation Commission Russian Science Citation Index

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Coping Styles of Young People Dealing with Traumatic Events Reflected in Fairy Tales

Odintsova M. A., Ph.D. in Psychology, Professor, Department of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, mari505@mail.ru
Radchikova N., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor, Department of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, nataly.radchikova@gmail.com
Kulyatskaya M., Psychologist, Department of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, 9262223441@mail.ru
Abstract
The study examines the coping styles of adolescents (young people) (N=43, 37 f/6 m, age range 17-20, median age = 18) in deal with a traumatic life event, as reflected in standardized questionnaires and fairy tales written by themselwes, through the use of projective technique called "А person in the rain". Several types of traumatic life events in youth assessments were distinguished. It was found out that respondents with the victimized coping style use: the strategy of search for social support; strategy of social contact; cautious, aggressive, antisocial and indirect actions; avoidance; getting stuck in the situation and focusing on emotions; and passivity. The respondents with a hardiness coping style use the strategy of search for social support; strategy of social contact; acceptance of the situation; growth; development; renovation; assertive and careful actions. The respondents with an unformed coping style use the strategies of adoption, growth and development; updates; activity; a strategy of experience acquisition; focusing on emotions; loss of self; and escape into fantasy. The study shows that today’s young people are able to withstand the events associated with the trauma, using a fairly extensive arsenal of coping strategies. The fairy tale is an indicator allowing to diagnose styles and coping strategies specific to adolescents (young people) as well as contributing to the gentle and careful reduction of acute negative emotional experiences, encouraging the search for constructive ways to overcome them.

Keywords: victimized coping style, hardiness coping style, traumatic life event, fairy tale

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2017060407

For Reference

References
  1. Vachkov I.V. Skazka v rabote psihologa: opredelenie i tipologiya [Fairy tale in the practice of psychologist: definition and typology]. Vestnik prakticheskoy psihologii obrazovaniya [Bulletin of Applied Psychology Education], 2010, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 80–86.
  2. Vodopyanova N.E. Psihodiagnostika stressa [Stress psychodiagnostics].
    St. Petersburg: Piter, 2009, pp. 251–260. (In Russ.).
  3. Krasilo A.I. Sotsial’no-gumanistichesky analiz psihologicheskoy travmy [The socio-humanistic analysis of psychological trauma]. Kulturno-istoricheskaya psihologiya [Cultural-Historical Psychology], 2009, no. 3, pp. 81–90. (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.).
  4. Kulyatskaya M.G. Osobennosti viktimnogo i zhiznestoykogo koping-stiley preodoleniya lichnosti v ekstremal’nyh situatsiyah [Hardiness and victim coping styles used by a person in extreme situations]. Materialy IV Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii “Psihologiya stressa i sovladayuschego povedeniya: resursy, zdorov’e, razvitie” [IVth International scientific conference on stress and coping-psychology: resources, health, and development]. In Krewkova T.L., Saporovskaya M.V., Khazova S.A. (eds.). Kostroma:  publ. of  Kostroma State University, 2016, pp. 329–331.
  5. Leont’ev D.A. Mnogourovnevaya model’ vzaimodeystviya s neblagopriyatnymi obstoyatel’stvami: ot zaschity k izmeneniyu. [Multilevel model of interaction with adverse circumstances: from defense to change]. Psihologiya stressa i sovladayuschego povedeniya. Matirialy III Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [III  International scientific conference on stress and coping-psychology: resources, health, and development]. Kostroma: publ. of  Kostroma State University, 2013, vol. 1, pp. 258–260.
  6. Luriya A.R. Ekzamen i psihika. Kn.: Psihologicheskoe nasledie. Izbrannye trudy po obschey psihologii. [Exam and mind. Psychological heritage. Selected works on general psychology]. Moscow: Smysl, 2003, pp. 126–184. (In Russ.).
  7. Magomed-Eminov M.Sh. Deyatel’nostno-smislovoy podhod k psihologicheskoy transformatsii lichnosti. Avtoreferat diss. dokt. psikhol. nauk. [Activity and meaning based approach to psychological transformation of a person. Dr. Sci. (Psychology) diss. abstr.]. Moscow, 2009. 53 p.
  8. Odintsova M.A. Skazkoterapiya dlya vzroslih. Metodicheskoe rukovodstvo po ispol’zovaniyu proektivnih metodik v skazkoterapii [Fairy tale therapy for adults. Methodological guidance on the use of projective techniques in Fairy tale therapy]. Moscow: OOO Grifon, 2014. 144 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Odintsova M.A. Radchikova N.P. Etapy razrabotki oprosnika “Tip rolevoy viktimnosti” [Stages of the development of the questionnaire "Role victimization type"]. Yaroslavskiy pedagogicheskiy vestnik [Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin], 2012, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 309–314. (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.).
  10. Ruppert F. Psikhologicheskaya travma [Psychological trauma]. Voprosy mental’noy meditsiny i ekologii [Issues of mental medicine and ecology], 2012, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 81–92. (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.).
  11. Tarabarina N.V. Praktikum po psihologii posttravmaticheskogo stressa [Workshop on the psychology of post-traumatic stress]. St. Petersburg: Piter, 2001, pp. 225–228. (In Russ.).
  12. Fers G. Tayniy mir risunka [The Secret World of the Drawing]. St. Petersburg: Publ. Demetra, 2003. 35 p. (In Russ.).
  13. Freud Z. Po tu storonu printsipa udovol’stviya [Beyond the pleasure principle]. Moscow: Progress, 1992. 569 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Freud Z., Breyer J. Issledovanie isterii [The study of hysteria]. St. Petersburg: VEIP, 2005. 82 p. (In Russ.).
  15. Shtompka P. Sotsial’noye izmenenie kak travma [Social change as trauma]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies], 2001, no. 1, p. 16. (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.).
  16. Bonanno G.A., Mancini A.D. The Human Capacity to Thrive in the Face of Potential Trauma. Journal Pediatrics, 2008, vol. 121, no. 2, рр. 369–375.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2018 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE NEW!

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика