Previous issue (2019. Vol. 8, no. 1)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Study of the Communicative Abilities of Pre-School Children with Severe Speech Impairments
, Doctor in Psychology, Head of the Department , Kostroma State University named after N.A. Nekrasov, Department of Special Education and Psychology, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.orgOdintsova M.
, Senior educator, Kindergarten No. 28 of Kostroma, Odintsovo, Russia, email@example.com
The article deals with communicative abilities of children with severe speech impairments. Communicative difficulties of children with speech impairments make it difficult for a cognitive sphere and personality to develop. It describes the empirical study aimed at investigating the peculiarities of communicative abilities in pre-school children with severe speech impairments compared to normally developing peers. It has been established that children with speech impairments have retarded development of communicative actions during the organization and execution of cooperation, abilities for a partner dialogue with peers and communicative qualities of a personality. It has been shown that formed control over joint actions is important for developing communicative qualities of a personality in children with speech impairments, while sensitivity to the change of states and experiences of a partner in communication and interaction is important in pre-school children with normal development.
The work was prepared with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Project No. 17-06-00607).
Vygotskii L.S. Sobranie sochinenii: v 6 t. T. 4. Detskaya
psikhologiya [Collected Works: in 6 vol. Vol. 4. Children's psychology].
Moscow: Pedagogika, 1984. 432 p.
Dzyuba O.V. Razvitie kommunikativnoi kompetentnosti
doshkol'nikov s obshchim nedorazvitiem rechi: avtoreferat diss. kand. ped. nauk
[The development of communicative competence of preschool children with General
underdevelopment of speech. PhD. (Pedagogy) Thesis]. Moscow, 2009. 20 p.
Il'in E.P. Psikhologiya obshheniya i mezhlichnostnykh
otnoshenij [Psychology of communication and interpersonal relations].
Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2009. 576 p.
Kolesnikova A.E. Formirovanie sotsial'no-kommunikativnoi
kompetentnosti starshikh doshkol'nikov s ONR: novyi podkhod [The formation of
socio-communicative competence of senior preschool children with General speech
underdevelopment: a new approach]. Logoped [Logopedist], 2015, no. 3,
Kuftyak E.V. Deti s defitsitami razvitiya: osobennosti
psikhologicheskikh zashchit i koping-strategii [Сhildren with developmental
disabilities: peculiarities of peculiarities of psychological protection and
coping behavior]. Voprosy psikhicheskogo zdorov'ya detei i podrostkov
[Journal of Mental Health of Children and Adolescent], 2017, no. 3, pp.
25–33. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
Kuftyak E.V., Samokhvalova A.G. Osobennosti adaptivnogo
povedeniya detei v situatsii shkol'nykh i kommunikativnykh trudnostei [Features
of Children Adaptive Behavior in Situations of School and Communication
Difficulties]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial'naya psikhologiya [Clinical
Psychology and Special Education], 2015, vol. 4, no. 4.
doi:10.17759/cpse.2015040404 (Accessed 01.10.2017). (In Russ., Abstr. in
Mastyukova E. M. Rebenok s otkloneniyami v razvitii:
Rannyaya diagnostika i korrektsiya [Сhild with developmental disabilities:
Early diagnosis and correction]. Moscow: Prosveshchenie, 1992. 95 p.
Filicheva T. B., Chirkina G. V. Ustranenie obshchego
nedorazvitiya rechi u detei doshkol'nogo vozrasta [Elimination of the general
underdevelopment of speech in children of preschool age]. Moscow: Airis-Press,
2007. 224 p.
Tsukerman G.A. Psikhologicheskoe obsledovanie mladshikh
shkol'nikov: Prakticheskoe posobie [Psychological examination of junior
schoolchildren]. Moscow: Vlados, 2001. 157 p.
Shchetinina A.M. Diagnostika sotsial'nogo razvitiya
rebenka: Uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie [Diagnostics of social development of
the child]. Velikii Novgorod: publ. of NovGU im. Yaroslava Mudrogo, 2000. 88