Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 8, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Peculiarities of perception (visual gnosis) and thinking in patients with schizotypal disorder 655

Simon Yu., Specialist for Teaching and Studies, Department of General and Clinical Psychology, Pavlov First Saint-Petersburg State Medical University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ysimon1357@gmail.com
Bizyuk A., PhD in Psychology, assistand professor, Department of General and Clinical Psychology, Pavlov First Saint-Petersburg State Medical University, St.Petersburg, Russia, a_biziuk@yahoo.com
Isaeva E., Doctor of Psychology, chair of General and Medical Psychology, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Academician I.P. Pavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical University” , St.Petersburg, Russia, isajeva@yandex.ru
Shoshina I.I., Doctor of Biology, Chief Researcher, Laboratory of Physiology of Vision, Pavlov Institute of Physiology RAS, St.Petersburg, Russia, shoshinaii@mail.ru
Mukhitova Yu., PhD in Psychology, Department of General and Clinical Psychology, Pavlov First Saint-Petersburg State Medical University, St.Petersburg, Russia, che88@mail.ru
Abstract
The article deals with the peculiarities of perception (visual gnosis) and thinking in patients with schizotypal disorder. A cognitive pattern of perception, characteristics of voluntary attention and changes in the mental domain in patients with this pathology were described. 45 people suffering from schizotypal disorder (F21 for ICD-10) were examined, including 27 men and 18 women, the average age was 22.06 ± 1.31 years. Control group was the group of university students (30 people) 14 of them men and 16 women, the average age was 21.03 ± 0.9 years, controlshad not suffered from any mental and chronic physical illnesses. Following patho- and neuropsychological techniques were used: figures of Poppelreuter, method «Non-completed images»; «Elimination of excess», Guildford’s test «Social intelligence», Subtest No. 2 of «Group expression», TMT (Trail Making Test, parts A and B). The results have revealed that the visual perception of the patients with schizotypal disorder is disturbed at every stage of visual gnosis, disturbances appear evidently at the stages of formation of a complex image and its further correlation with pattern samples from memory. It has been shown that in patients with schizotypal disorder, the process of internal logical connection between statements is disrupted, as a result, the act of perceptual nomination changes.

Keywords: schizotypal disorder, perception, visual gnosis, features of thinking

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2018070207

Funding

This research was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant № 18-013-01245 «Vision Perception and thinking in schizophrenia»).

For Reference

References
  1. Aleinikova S.M., Zakharova N.V. Sravnitel'noe izuchenie osobennostei pertseptivnoi i myslitel'noi deyatel'nosti detei, bol'nykh shizofreniei. Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii, 1984, no. 10, pp. 1543–1547.
  2. Zaitseva Yu.S., Sarkisyan G.R., Sarkisyan V.V., Storozhakova Ya.A. Sravnitel'noe issledovanie neirokognitivnogo profilya bol'nykh paranoidnoi shizofreniei i shizoaffektivnym rasstroistvom s pervymi psikhoticheskimi epizodami. Sotsial'naya i klinicheskaya psikhiatriya, 2011, no. 2, pp. 5–11.
  3. Kritskaya V.P., Meleshko T.K. Patopsikhologiya shizofrenii. Moscow: Publ. of «Institut psikhologii RAN», 2015. 389 p.
  4. Lebedeva G.G. Struktura i dinamika kognitivnogo defitsita u patsientov s rasstroistvami shizofrenicheskogo spektra: dis. … kand. psikh. nauk. Saint Petersburg, 2016. 230 p.
  5. Lebedeva G.G., Isaeva E.R. Profiles of Cognitive Deficits in Paranoid Schizophrenia and Schizotypal Disorder [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia [Clinical Psychology and Special Education], 2017, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 79–94. doi: 10.17759/ psycljn.2017060106 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.)
  6. Polyakov Yu. F. Patologiya poznavatel'noi deyatel'nosti pri shizofrenii. Moscow, 1974.  86 p.
  7. Polyakov Yu.F. Problemy i perspektivy eksperimental'nogo issledovanii shizofrenii. In Yu.F Polyakov (ed.) Eksperimental'no–psikhologicheskie issledovaniya patologii psikhicheskoi deyatel'nosti pri shizofrenii. Moscow, 1982. pp. 5–28.
  8. Shoshina I.I., Shelepin Yu.E., Semenova N.B., Pronin S.V. Osobennosti zritel'nogo vospriyatiya u bol'nykh shizofreniei pri terapii atipichnymi i tipichnymi neiroleptikami. Sensornye sistemy, 2013, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 144–152.
  9. Shoshina I.I., Shelepin Yu.E. Mekhanizmy global'nogo i lokal'nogo analiza zritel'noi informatsii pri shizofrenii. Saint Petersburg: VVM, 2016. 300 p.
  10. Yanushko M.G., Shamanina M.V., Kif R., Shipilin M.Yu. Kognitivnye narusheniya pri affektivnykh rasstroistvakh. Sposoby diagnostiki i vozmozhnosti korrektsii. Sovremennaya terapiya psikhicheskikh rasstroistv, 2015, no. 4, pp. 8–13.
  11. Yanushko M.G. Ivanov M.V., Sorokina A.V. Kognitivnye narusheniya pri endogennykh psikhozakh: sovremennye predstavleniya v svete dimensional'nogo podkhoda. Sotsial'naya i klinicheskaya psikhiatriya, 2014, no. 1, pp. 90–95.
  12. Bora E., Yucel M., Pantelis C. Theory of mind impairment in schizophrenia: meta-analysis. Sch. Res, 2009, vol. 109, no. 1–3, pp. 1–9.
  13. Bora E., Yucel M., Pantelis C.  Theory of mind impairment: a distinct trait-marker for schizophrenia spectrum disorders and bipolar disorder? Acta Psychiatr. Scand., 2009,
    pp. 253–264.
  14. Crow T. Nature of the genetic contribution to psychotic illness – a continuum view point. Acta Psychiatr. Scand, 1990, vol. 81, pp. 401–408.
  15. Kohler C.G., Walker J.B., Martin E.A., Healey K.M., Moberg P.J. Facial emotion perception in schizophrenia: a meta-analytic review. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2010, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 1009–1019.
  16. Leibowitz H.W., Meyers N.A. The role of simultaneous contrast in brightness constancy. J. Exp. Psychol, 1955, vol. 50, pp. 15–18.
  17. Leibowitz H. W. Relation between the Brunswick and Thouless ratious and functional relations in experimental investigations of perceived shape, size and brightness. Percept. Mot. Skills, 1956, no. 6, pp. 65–68.
  18. Leibowitz H.W. Visual perception. New York, 1965. 165 p.
  19. Payne R.W. Diagnostic and personality testing in clinical psychology. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1958, vol. 115, 25 p.
  20. Payne R.W., Friedlander, D.A. Short battery of simple tests for measuring overinclusive thinking. Journal of Mental Science, 1962, vol. 108, pp. 355–362.
  21. Wechowiez Т.E., Blewett D.S. Size constancy and abstract thinking of schizophrenic patients. J. ment. Sci., 1959, vol. 105.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика