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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

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Understanding of Emotional States in Persons with Pedophilia / Pedophilic Disorder 846

Demidova L.Y., PhD in Psychology, Research Fellow, Laboratory of Forensic Sexology, V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology, Moscow, Russia, lyubov.demidova@gmail.com
Dvoryanchikov N.V., PhD in Psychology, associate professor, dean, faculty of legal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, dvorian@gmail.com
Abstract
This article highlights the problem of emotional perception in pedophilia (ICD-10) / pedophilia disorder (ICD-11). In present paper, emotional perception is considered as abilities of recognizing and identifying a wide range of mental states like emotions, affects, moods, feelings. The assumption about relations of alexithymia and disturbances in the recognition of emotions, perspective taking, empathy with pedophilia and regulatory mechanisms of activity verified empirically. Two groups of persons accused of sexual crimes are compared: 44 people with pedophilia, 32 people without the disorder; also 95 persons who haven't been accused were examined for the control group; as well intra-group comparison of pedophilic persons with egosyntonic and egodystonic attitude toward sexual drive was made. Contradictions of earlier studies are resolved in the result: it is shown that in pedophilia the ability of understanding emotional states remains normal at first sight (in comparison with the deficits found in the accused without pedophilia). However, the group with pedophilia is characterized by extremely high level of alexithymia and based on this the consistently conclusion is made about disturbances of emotional regulation in egosyntonic form of this disorder.

Keywords: pedophilia, pedophilic disorder, alexithymia, empathy, emotions, emotional recognition, perspective taking, sexual offence

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2018070305

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