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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Predictors of Negative Self-Attitude in Patients Who Tolerated a Surgical Repair

Faustova A.G., Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior teacher at the Department of General and Special Psychology with the course of Pedagogics, Ryazan State Medical University, Ryazan, Russia, anne.faustova@gmail.com
Abstract
One of the main reasons for seeking a medical aid of a plastic surgeon is the negative attitude toward physical appearance and personality overall in patients with acquired defects of appearance. Correction of physical defects of a face and a body involuntarily associates with subsequent “automatic” growth in self-confidence and self-acceptance in those affected. The attempt undertaken to identify and evaluate factors that determine a level of the negative self-attitude on different stages of reconstructive-restorative treatment. The sample consisted of 58 respondents (mean age – 38,8 + 10,7 years), 27 persons (20 female, 7 male) were with visible differences on a face and a head, 31 persons (28 female, 3 male) were with defects of appearance located on a body. Respondents were interviewed one week before the treatment began, 2 weeks and 6-10 weeks after correcting physical defects. The mathematical analysis carried out using non-parametric tests as well as multiple regression analysis techniques. There was a statistically significant decrease in the levels of self-accusation and internal conflict (χ2emp. from 9,270 to 15,876; p<0,01). The regression equations are constructed and predictors of the negative self-attitude selected, which provides with valid information for creating a program of psychological support for such patients.

Keywords: self-attitude, defect of appearance, visible difference, self-accusation, internal conflict, dynamics, predictor

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2018070407

For Reference

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