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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Predictors of Negative Self-Attitude in Patients Who Tolerated a Surgical Repair

Faustova A.G., Ph.D. in Psychology, Senior teacher at the Department of General and Special Psychology with the course of Pedagogics, Ryazan State Medical University, Ryazan, Russia,
One of the main reasons for seeking a medical aid of a plastic surgeon is the negative attitude toward physical appearance and personality overall in patients with acquired defects of appearance. Correction of physical defects of a face and a body involuntarily associates with subsequent “automatic” growth in self-confidence and self-acceptance in those affected. The attempt undertaken to identify and evaluate factors that determine a level of the negative self-attitude on different stages of reconstructive-restorative treatment. The sample consisted of 58 respondents (mean age – 38,8 + 10,7 years), 27 persons (20 female, 7 male) were with visible differences on a face and a head, 31 persons (28 female, 3 male) were with defects of appearance located on a body. Respondents were interviewed one week before the treatment began, 2 weeks and 6-10 weeks after correcting physical defects. The mathematical analysis carried out using non-parametric tests as well as multiple regression analysis techniques. There was a statistically significant decrease in the levels of self-accusation and internal conflict (χ2emp. from 9,270 to 15,876; p<0,01). The regression equations are constructed and predictors of the negative self-attitude selected, which provides with valid information for creating a program of psychological support for such patients.

Keywords: self-attitude, defect of appearance, visible difference, self-accusation, internal conflict, dynamics, predictor

Column: Empirical research


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