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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Characteristics of Psychological Health of First-Graders with the Biomedical Risk Factors in Early Development

Kazakova E.V., Ph.D. in Biology, Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology, Higher School of Psychology, Pedagogy and Physical Education, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Russia, kaz-elena10@yandex.ru
Sokolova L.V., Doctor in Biology, Head of the Department of Human Biology and Biotechnical Systems, Higher School of Natural Sciences and Technologies, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Nizhnevartovsk, Russia, sluida@yandex.ru
Abstract
The article presents data on the psychological health characteristics of the first-graders of different groups, depending on the prevalence of the number of medical and biological risk factors in early ontogeny. 193 first-graders of Arkhangelsk schools were examined with a set of sixteen techniques that allow describe the characteristics of personal health at the physiological, psychophysiological, psychological, and socio-psychological levels. Statistical analysis carried out with the methods of descriptive statistics and stepwise discriminant analysis. Data processing performed using SPSS 22.00 software package. Based on the results obtained, the authors conclude that with an increase in the number of biomedical risk factors of dysontogenesis in a child’s anamnesis, there is an increase in the scope of their influence on the different levels and characteristics of the psychological health of the sampled schoolchildren. First-graders of the group with the least amount of biomedical risk factors are characterized by higher characteristics of personal health. A combination of biomedical risk factors in the early periods of ontogenetic development of first-graders can lead to disadaptation processes in the physiological, psychophysiological, cognitive, emotional, regulatory, communicative, spiritual and moral spheres, various somatic health disorders and school difficulties. The number of biomedical risk factors in early ontogeny is a barometer for predicting personal health impairments, which, in turn, requires timely prevention and correction.

Keywords: psychological health, medical and biological risk factors, first-graders, dysontogenesis, disadaptation

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2018070405

Funding

The work supported by the grant from the Russian Foundation for Humanitarian Research (project No. 17-06-00967-OG “Psychological health and cognitive activity of young schoolchildren with risk factors of dysontogenesis in the conditions of the modern educational environment”).

Acknowledgements

The authors express sincere appreciation and gratitude for the assistance in carrying out the study to the administration, teachers and psychologists of schools №50 and №9 in Arkhangelsk. The authors thank Professor Simonova N.N., Doctor of Psychological Sciences, for assistance in consulting on statistical analysis of research results.

For Reference

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