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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

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Fluid Intelligence: Review of Foreign Studies 756

Rzhanova I.E., Research Associate, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Russia, irinarzhanova@mail.ru
Britova V.S., student, Faculty of Clinical & Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, vsbritova@gmail.com
Alekseeva O.S., Research fellow, Laboratory of Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology, Psychological Institution, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, olga_alexeeva@mail.ru
Burdukova Yu.A., PhD in Psychology, assistant professor of the Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, julia_burd@inbox.ru
Abstract
The present review focuses on modern research of fluid intelligence. The concept of fluid intelligence, the place of fluid intelligence in the structure of cognitive abilities, its relation to general intelligence is revealed. The current models of fluid intelligence are considered, including the current leading Cattell–Horn–Carroll model. The neurobiological processes underlying the flexibility of fluid reasoning processes in solving novel problems are discussed. In particular, studies are presented showing that fluid intelligence is mediated by subregions of the prefrontal cortex. Studies of the relationship between fluid intelligence and working memory, as well as studies of fluid intelligence in clinical groups such as children with ADHD and adults with schizophrenia are also discussed. Clinical evidence suggests that fluid intelligence may be key to understanding the structure of cognitive deficits in ADHD syndrome.

Keywords: intelligence, fluid reasoning, working memory, clinical studies, children with ADHD syndrome

Column: Theoretical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2018070402

For Reference

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