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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

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The Influence of the Social Situation of Development on the Social Cognition in the Children-Orphans

Avakyan T.V., Ph.D. student, chair of clinical psychology and psychotherapy, Faculty of consultative and clinical psychology, Moscow City University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, tamariko90@mail.ru
Volikova S.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant professor at the Clinical psychology and psychotherapy chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, psylab2006@yandex.ru
Sorokova M.G., Ph.D. in Pedagogy, PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Chair of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Information Technology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, sorokovamg@mgppu.ru
Abstract
The influence of a specific social development situation on the operational and motivational components of social cognition in orphan adolescents investigated. The theoretical basis of the study was the provisions of the "social situation of development" L.S. Vygotsky, theories of attachment by J. Bowlby, the multifactor model of social cognition A.B. Kholmogorova, O.V. Rychkova. 68 orphans aged from 10 to 17 years old living in the orphanage examined. It shown that orphaned teenagers with an insecure type of attachment have more difficulty in understanding their own feelings, regardless of the length of their stay in the institution. Orphans living in institutions for more than 5 years have a higher level of social anxiety and distress during social interaction.

Keywords: orphans, attachment, the social situation of development, social cognition

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2019080102

Funding

The study carried out with the financial support of the Russian Scientific Fund (grant No. 14-18-03461) in the Serbsky State Scientific Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry.

For Reference

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