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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

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Specificity of Cognitive Bias in Recognition of Emotions in the Face in Old Age 2856

Melehin A.I., PhD in Psychology, Clinical psychologist of the highest category, Rehabilitation Clinic in Khamovniki District, Medical center "Laguna Med", Moscow, Russia, clinmelehin@yandex.ru
Sergienko E.A., Doctor of Psychology, leading researcher, Institute of psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, elenas13@mail.ru
Abstract
The article shows that in comparison with people aged 55-60 years in the groups of 61-74 and 75-90 years there are symptoms of age-specific socio-cognitive deficits in the recognition of emotions: changes in response time to emotional stimulus in the direction of slowdown; difficulties in fine differentiation of emotions of joy and sadness; the effect of high emotional intensity for a more accurate definition of emotions; cognitive shift in attention and interpretation of socio-emotional information. At a later age, there is a combined cognitive bias in the recognition of emotions in the face. More dominated bya positive shift. Unlike people 75-90 years in groups 55-60 and 61-74 years better recognize emotions of fear and sadness, than 75-90 years. It is more difficult to recognize anger at a later age. The lack of definition of neutral emotional expressions, which is accompanied by the phenomenon of depressive displacement, is described. General and age-specific predictors of recognition and differentiation of emotions in the face at a later age are identified.

Keywords: recognition of emotions, differentiation of emotions, emotions, cognitive bias, elderly

Column: Empirical research

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2019080204

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