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Foreign Researches in Psychology of Creativity: Post-Guilford Era (Part II) 1457
Bogoyavlenskaya D.B., Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher, Creativity Diagnostic Team Leader, Laboratory of Giftedness, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, Mpoemail@example.com
Susokolova I.A., PhD in Psychology, Moscow, Russia
In 1970s America suffered a certain disappointment in tests, which forced researchers to look for new ways of studying creativity. Thus was revived the long forgotten tradition (originally established by Francis Galton) of regarding giftedness as a result of 'one's mind and character' in which tests are used only for measuring cognitive factors. However, the role of knowledge, motivation and personal characteristics in creative processes has also been investigated. The article reviews the latest tendencies in creative psychology, focusing, in particular, on the works of Howard Gardner, Teresa Amabile, Мihaly Csikszentmihalyi and others.