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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

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Giftedness in Russia: The Phenomenon from the Sociological Surveys Angle

Pautova L.A., Ph.D. in Sociology, Associate Professor, Leading Specialist at the Public Opinion Foundation, Moscow, Russia, pautoval@yandex.ru
Abstract
The article presents findings of a large-scale complex sociological study carried out by the Public Opinion Foundation on commission from the Public Chamber. The findings show the experts, parents, and general population perception of the phenomenon of giftedness. In particular, parents’ and general population attitudes were found to be rigid concerning markers of giftedness, its age parameters, as well as working methods with the gifted people. The results also indicate that willingness to consider oneself as a gifted person depends on his/her income, education and place of residence. The more prosperous and better educated respondents are, the more likely they will consider themselves and their children to be gifted. The author demonstrates that social experience significantly influences awareness, attitudes and intentions of the respondents. The giftedness is described as a multidimensional social phenomenon which is connected not only with individual aptitudes but also with a complex chain of social factors (such as parents’ social status, possibilities, etc.). It was revealed also that effectiveness of the governmental program on promoting the development of giftedness is seen as very low. In respondents’ view, it is solely the family that really helps talented people to express themselves today.

Keywords: giftedness, sociology of giftedness, conceptions of giftedness, self-identification of giftedness, evaluation of state policies regarding giftedness.

Column: Social Problems of Giftedness in Russia

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