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Peculiarities of the Сhild’s Attachment to the Mother, Child-parent Relation Style and the Child’s Adaptation to the Kindergarten 332
Avdeeva N.N., Ph.D. in Psychology, professor, Developmental Psychology Chair, Department of Psychology of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
Khokhlacheva I.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Eeducational psychologist at the Kindergarten № 862, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The article represents a research on correlation between the quality of the child’s attachment to the mother, the type of interaction in a dyad and the course of adaptation to the kindergarten among 1–3-year-old children. The research involved 52 mother-child pairs. The following research techniques were applied: adaptation list analysis; interviews with kindergarten teachers intended to reveal peculiarities in the child’s period of adaptation as well as in other-attachment manifestation; observation of children’s behavior in the group (including behavior at meeting and separating from the mother, and during a free game activity, communications with adults and peers); parent questioning to reveal peculiarities of adaptation and the type of attachment to the mother, as well as questionnaires to study child-parent interaction (“Parent-Child Interactions” I. M. Markovskaya and “Questionnaire on Child-Parent Affective Interaction” E. I. Zakharova). The research findings have proved that favorable adaptation behavior is demonstrated by children with secure attachment and upon a high level of mother’s affective interaction with a child. Unfavorable adaptation is noted with children with insecure attachment and deficiency in mother’s positive affecive interaction with and attitude to the child.
Keywords: the child’s adaptation to the kindergarten, attachment to the mother, interaction style, mother’s affective attitude to the child