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Play Material in Visual Perception Development 364
Alekso V.A., Fellow, Developmental Psychology Department, Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education; Specialist and Expert, Administration of President of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
This article analyzes the impact of play material on the perceptual development. The experimental study was based on the concept of sensory education by A. V. Zaporozhets and A. L. Venger. In addition, to assess the level of visual perception, the structure of visual perception developed by M. Frostig was used. The visual-motor coordination, the figure-background ratio, the constancy and the ability to determine position in space and spatial relationships are considered as the most important characteristics in this system. The comprehensive analysis of changes in the development of play activity was facilitated by the fact that the assessment was carried out according to the following criteria: motivational component, type, orientation, level of play actions. The article describes both the the results of the experiment, conducted in different conditions of pre-school education, as well as the outcomes of play program, aimed at the development of visual perception, which provided data on the varying degrees of changes in perceptual performance after its implementation.
Keywords: toy, play activity, visual perception, perceptual actions, perceptual development, types of orientation, sensory education.