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Taking account of multiplicity of solutions to problems on development of metasubject competences in the process of developing scenarios of educational situations by the teacher 1026
Guruzhapov V.A., Doctor of Psychology, head of the Chair of Pedagogical Psychology, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
The contribution examines the situation with the general primary education in Russia in the context of introduction of the Federal state standard of the general primary education. It claims that the most relevant question today is the question of forming of metasubject competences of students. The author draws upon the achievements of theory and practice of developing education (the system of Elkonin-Davidov, the system of V.L. Zankov, problem education), paying specific attention to modeling. The author analyzes mathematics problems for pupils of primary school in the context of multiplicity of their solutions. The contribution shows the possibilities of using such problems for development of such metasubject educational products of pupils as “skill of analyzing conditions of adequacy of reflection of the object’s qualities in its model”, “learning basic forms of cognitive reflection”, “learning ways of solving problems of creative and research nature”. It draws attention to the necessity of carrying out special psychological and educational research of methods of developing educational situations scenarios.
Column: Educational Psychology