Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice About PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 24, no. 3)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

CrossRef

Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

A system of critical psychological help to the subjects of educational environment

Pavlova T.S., research associate, research laboratory «Scientific and Methodological Basis of Emergent Psychological Aid», Center for Emergent Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, darzo@yandex.ru
Bannikov G.S., Ph.D. in Medicine, senior researcher, Center for Urgent Psychological Help, head of laboratory Scientific-methodical support of urgent psychological help, Moscow State Research Institute of Psychiatry, Ministry of Public Health and Social Development, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, bannikovgs@mgppu.ru
Abstract
The contribution presents an analysis and generalization of the experience of foreign colleagues (the USA) aiming at helping Russian specialists to know the most effective developments in the field of critical psychological help. In the contribution a system of critical psychological help is understood as a complex of actions on preventing and minimizing the consequences of a critical event, rendering urgent psychological help and subsequent counseling of psychologically traumatized persons. It presents a historical review of the development of the system of critical psychological help to the subjects of educational environment in the USA. It analyzes the strategies of critical psychological help in chronological order: preparation for critical situations in educational institutions (school crisis plans), direct response to crisis (psychological first aid), working with psychotrauma. An algorithm of working in critical situation is give (PREPaRE model: prevention of psychological traumatization, support of physical health and sense of security, evaluation of psychological traumatization, securing of interventions, response to psychological needs and evaluation of effectiveness of critical preventive measures and interventions), the most effective methods of working with children’s psychological trauma are identified.

Keywords: critical psychological help, security of educational environment, school crisis plans, urgent psychological help, work with psychotrauma

Column: Educational Psychology

For Reference

References
  1. Burmistrova E.V. Psihologicheskaja pomosh' v krizisnyh situacijah (preduprezhdenie krizisnyh situacij v obrazovatel'noj srede): Metodicheskie rekomendacii dlja specialistov sistemy obrazovanija. M., 2006.
  2. Annandale D.O. States’ school crisis planning materials: an analysis of cross-cultural considerations and sensitivity to student diversity // Brigham Young University. Dept. of Counseling Psychology and Special Education, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 2006.
  3. Ayalon O. «B.A.S.I.C.-Ph» Creative methods in post tsunami training of helpers in Thailand // Journal of Experiential Psychology. 2007. Vol. 37.
  4. Benish S.G., Imel Z.E., Wampold B.E. The relative efficacy of bona fide psychotherapies for treating posttraumatic stress disorder: A meta-analysis of direct comparisons // Clinical Psychology Review. 2008. Vol. 8.
  5. Brock S.E. Identifying psychological trauma victims. / In S.E. Brock, P.J. Lazarus & S.R. Jimerson (Eds.) Best practices in school crisis prevention and intervention. 2002.
  6. Brock S. E., Jimerson S. R. School crisis interventions: Strategies for addressing the consequences of crisis events / In E. R. Gerler Jr. (Eds.) Handbook of school violence. Binghamton, N.Y., 2004.
  7. Brock S.E., Nickerson A.B., Reeves M.A., Jimerson S.R. Best practices for school psychologists as members of crisis teams: the PREPaRE model / In  Thomas and J. Grimes (Eds.) Best practices in school psychology. 2008.
  8. Brock S. E., Sandoval J., Lewis S. Preparing for crises in the schools: A manual for building school crisis response teams (2nd ed.). N.Y., 2001.
  9. Center of School Mental Health Assistance. Crisis Intervention: A guide for school-based clinicians // http: // csmh.umaryland.edu / resources / CSMH / resourcepackets / files / crisis_intervention_2002.pdf
  10. Cerfolio N.E. Multimodal Psychoanalytically Informed Aid Work with Children Traumatized by Chechen War // Journal of The American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry. 2009. Issue 37. Vol. 4.
  11. Cohen S., Willis T. A. Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin. 1985. Vol. 98.
  12. Crocq L., Crocq M.-A., Chiapello A., Damiani C. Organizacija sluzhb psihiatricheskoj pomoshi zhertvam chrezvychajnyh situacij / Chrezvychajnye situacii i psihicheskoe zdorov'e. K., 2006.
  13. Eaves C. The development and implementation of a crisis response team in a school setting // Inter national Journal of Emergency Mental Health. 2001. Issue 3 Vol. 1.
  14. Ehlers A., Bisson J., Clark B.M., Creamer M., Pilling S., Richards D., Schnurr P.P., Turner S., Yule W. Do all psychological treatments really work the same in posttraumatic stress disorder? // Clinical Psychology. Vol. 30. 2010.
  15. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Integrating Manmade Hazards into Mitigation Planning. Web release 10. Washington, D.C.: Author. 2003. // http: // www.fema.gov
  16. Litz B. T., Gray M. J., Bryant R.A., Adler A. B. Early intervention for trauma: Current status and future directions // Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice. Vol. 9. 2002.
  17. National Child Traumatic Stress Network. National Center for PTSD. Psychological First Aid. Field Operations Guide, 2nd edition // http: // www.nctsn. ord / sites / default / files / pfa / English / 1-psyfirstaid_final_complete_manual.pdf
  18. Pitcher G., Poland S. Crisis intervention in the schools. N.Y., 1992.
  19. Prinstein M. J., La Greca A. M., Vernberg E. M., Silverman W. K. Children’s coping assistance: How parents, teachers, and friends help children cope after a natural disaster // Journal of Clinical and Child Psychology. Vol. 25. 1996.
  20. Reeves M.A., Brock S.E., Cowan K.C. Managing School Crisis: More than just response // Principal Leadership. 2008. Issue 8 Vol. 9.
  21. Ronan K.R., Johnston D.M., Daly M., Fairley R. School children’s risk perceptions and preparedness: A hazards education survey // The Ausralasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. 2001. Issue 5. Vol. 1.
  22. Sandoval J. Crisis counseling: Conceptualizations and general principles. // School Psychology Review. 1985. Issue 14. Vol. 3.
  23. Sandoval J., Scott N., Padilla I. Crisis Counseling: An Overview // Psychology in the Schools. 2009. Issue 46. Vol. 3.
  24. Sarid O., Huss E. Trauma and acute stress disorder: A comparison between cognitive behavioral intervention and art therapy // The Arts in Psychotherapy. Vol. 37. 2010.
  25. Shalev A.Y. Opyt Izrailja / Chrezvychajnye situacii i psihicheskoe zdorov'e. K., 2006.
  26. Stallard P. Debriefing adolescents after critical life events / In B. Raphael & J. P. Wilson (Eds.) Psychological debriefing: Theory, practice and evidence. N.Y., 2000.
  27. Stallard P. Psychological interventions for post-traumatic reactions in children and young people: A review of randomized controlled trials // Clinical Psychology Review. Vol. 26. 2006.
  28. Talwar S., Accessing traumatic memory through art-making: An art therapy trauma protocol (ATTP) // The Arts in Psychotherapy. Vol. 34. 2007.
  29. Terr L. C. Psychic trauma in children: Observa­tions following the Chowchilla school-bus kidnap­ping // The American Journal of Psychiatry. Issue 138. Vol. 1. 1981.
  30. The Chicago Public School’s Crisis Management Department. Sample school crisis plan // http: // www.2teachersfirst.com / crisis / index.htm.
  31. Vernberg E. M., Vogel J. Interventions with chil­dren following disasters // Journal of Clinical Child Psychology. Vol. 22. 1993.
  32. Wampold B.E., Imel Z.E., Laska K.M., Benish S., Miller S.D., Fluckiger K., Del Re A.C., Baard­seth T.P., Budge S. Determining what works in the treatment of PTSD // Clinical Psychology Review. Vol. 30. 2010.
  33. Uhernik J.A., Husson M.A. Psychological First Aid: An Evidence Informed Approach for acute Di­saster Behavioral Health Response / In G.R. Walz, J.C. Bleuer, & R.K. Yep (Eds.) Compelling counseling interventions: VISTAS. 2009.
  34. U.S. Department of Education, Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools (OSFDS), Practical Information on Crisis Planning: A Guide for Schools and Communities. Washington, 2003.
  35. Young M. A. The community crisis response team training manual (2nd ed.). Washington, 1998.
  36. Young B. H., Ford J. D., Ruzek J. I., Friedman M., Gusman F. D. Disaster mental health services: A guide for clinicians and administrators / Palo Alto, CA, 1998.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ruLaureate of the XIV National psychological contest «Golden Psyche» at the results of 2012

© 1997–2019 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube Яндекс.Метрика