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Features of psychological well-being of upper-form pupils
Vodyaha S.A., Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Chair of Educational Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Ural State Pedagogical University
Currently, there is the problem of reduced level of psychological well-being of pupils due to the duration of training. The study hypothesis is based on the assumption of the differences in the various aspects of psychological well-being of young adolescents (11 to 14 years) and senior (15-17 years). The study involved 572 students of Yekaterinburg schools. The age of the subjects is 12 to 17 years. We discuss the relationship between the individual components of psychological well-being. In the study, we showed significant differences in attitude to the teachers (t = 4,905 at p < 0.000001), school (t = 6,2; p < 0.0000001) and parents (t = 5,78; p < 0.0000001) in younger and older adolescents. The attitude of young adolescents to the school is influenced by their attitude to the teachers (beta = ,488), parents (beta = ,217), friends (beta = ,119) and the self-attitude (beta = ,109). The attitude of high school students to the school is positively influenced by their attitudes towards teachers (beta = ,610), parents (beta = ,277) and negatively – to friends (beta = -,20). Psychological well-being of high school students is mainly determined by the relationship with their friends and the self-attitude. The attitude toward school decreases with increasing student age. In conclusion, we give a number of general recommendations to improve the psychological well-being at school.
Keywords: psychological well-being of school children, life satisfaction, socio-psychological factors of psychological well-being.