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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

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Tecknique for subject position of students of different ages study

Zaretsky Yu.V., Lecturer of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Moscow Psychological and Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, yzar86@yandex.ru
Zaretsky V.K., Ph.D. in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, zar-victor@yandex.ru
Kulagina I.Y., Ph.D. in Psychology, professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, dissovetmgppu@mail.ru
Abstract
The article is devoted to the study of subject position of students of different age groups: children of primary school, teenagers, senior schoolchildren. The article describes the main method – the questionnaire «Subjective position», its testing and validation. Subjective position is considered as active conscious attitude of student to education. This understanding is based on theoretical concepts of cultural-historical psychology of L. S. Vygotsky about the connection between education and development, on cooperation of the child and the adult, and also on the experience of the practical help to the students in overcoming learning difficulties on the basis of reflective-activity approach. 331 students completed the questionnaire and other meаsures. Research data allow to draw conclu- sions about the peculiarities of the position of students in relation to education, and its age dynamics. Factor analysis supported the use of three–factor solution, identified three scales describing different types of relationship to education: the subject position, the object position, the negative position. Additional analysis revealed another type – passive position of some students. There was discovered that a degree of subjective position decreased from younger school age to senior school, and severity of negative position increases.

Keywords: subject position, attitude to education, development, reflective- activity approach, questionnaire “Subject position”, factor analysis, the object position, the negative position, the passive attitude, students of different ages

Column: Developmental Psychology

For Reference

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