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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

“School Mediation” method as instrument for creating safe environment and its psychological mechanisms 2701

Shamlikashvili T.A., Professor, Scientific and Academic Chair of the Federal Mediation Institute, Head of Chair of Mediation in the Social Sphere, Department of Juridical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, office@mediacia.com
Khazanova M.A., Assistant Professor at the Chair “Mediation in social sphere”, Moscow State University for Psychology & Education, mediator at Center for Mediation and Law, practicing psychoterapist
Abstract
Article gives a description of “School Mediation” method, its potential for creating safe and comfortable environment, and deals with psychological mechanisms which make the method effective. Connection between principles of mediation and satisfaction of individual’s basic psychological needs is explained, as well as such psychological mechanisms as acceptance and obtaining one’s “Own”; the meaning of term “presence” in the work of mediator is explained. The article shows that following principles of mediation provides fulfillment of basic psychological needs as one of the key mechanisms of human psychics, which in turn makes mediation and mediation approach successful and efficient. “School mediation” method is a unique social instrument, which makes it possible to prevent efficiently and resolve disputes and conflicts, creating safe environment for all participants of educational process from kindergarten to university level. The article argues for importance of mastering mediation skills for all participants of educational process at school.

Keywords: mediation, “School Mediation”, mediation approach, conflict, dispute, educational environment, crime prevention, rehabilitation, safe environment, psychological mechanisms, basic psychological needs

Column: Mediation

For Reference

References
  1. Maslow A. Motivatsiia i lichnost’ [Motivation and Personality]. St-Petersburg: Piter, 2007. 352 p.
  2. Khazanova M. Put’ stanovleniia lichnosti. Psikho- logicheskie    osnovy    i    sotsial’naia    znachimost’ «shkol’noi mediatsii» [Paths of personality forma- tion. Psychological basis and social importance of “school mediation”]. Mediatsiia i pravo [Mediation and Law], 2008, no. 2, pp. 18–23.
  3. Khazanova M. Znachenie i vozmozhnosti metoda mediatsii v sovremennoi obrazovatel’noi sisteme [Importance and potential of mediation for modern educational system]. Mediatsiia i pravo [Mediation and Law], 2012, no. 4, pp. 66–74.
  4. Khazanova M. Mediatsiia kak vozmozhnost’ vykhoda iz ekzistentsial’noi passivnosti [Mediation as a chance for coming out of existential passive- ness]. Ekzistentsial’nyi analiz: Biulleten’ [Existential analysis: Bulletin], 2013, no. 5, pp.
  5. Shamlikashvili T. А. Chto takoe «Shkol’naia me- diatsiia» v teorii i na praktike? [What is “School Me- diation” in theory and practice?]. Mediatsiia i pravo [Mediation and Law], 2008, no. 2, pp. 16–17.
  6. Shamlikashvili T. А. Shkol’naia mediatsiia kak de- istvennyi instrument v zashchite prav detei [School mediation as an efficient instrument for protecting children’s rights]. 30.08.13. IA «Garant». [E-sourse] http://www.garant.ru/ia/opinion/author/shamlikashvili/509291/ (Accessed 20.03.2014).
  7. Bugental J. F. T. The Art of the Psychoterapist. N.Y.: W.C. Norton&Company Inc., 1987. P.
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