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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Effectiveness of Prompts in Developing the Skill of Answering Questions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Pervushina O.N., head of the Chair of Personality Psychology, dean of the Faculty of Psychology, associate professor, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia, olgap7@yandex.ru
Trubitsyna A.N., specialist at the Center of Applied Behavioral Analysis, Novosibirsk States University, Novosibirsk, Russia, a.trubicyna@nsu.ru
Kondratyeva N.G., assistant at the Faculty of Psychology, Novosibirsk State University, n.kondratyeva@nsu.ru
Pliskovskaya E.N., psychologist at the Faculty of Psychology, Novosibirsk State University, evgeniya-kalikina@yandex.ru
Abstract
Intraverbal operant (i.e. intraverbal behavior) in B.F. Skinner’s concept is a class of verbal reactions that includes understanding what is read, holding conversations and answering questions, and also thoughts and memories. Intraverbals are the foundation for learning simple communications, developing academic skills and acquiring professional ones. Many persons with autism spectrum disorder experience considerable difficulties with intraverbal behavior, and there still is no technique that could teach them how to use it fully and functionally. This research on the effectiveness of various types of prompts in educational trainings was aimed at optimizing teaching intraverbal behavior to children with ASD. The study analyzed how children develop the skill of answering questions in the context of textual and echoic prompts. The experiment with two subjects, children of different sexes aged 8 and 17 years diagnosed with ASD, revealed that textual prompts were more effective. The difference in the effectiveness between textual and echoic prompts proved to be more significant for questions with several or many correct answers than in the case with simple questions having only one correct answer.

Keywords: autism, ASD, intraverbal behavior, textual prompts, echoic prompts

Column: Autism. The Russian Square: Diagnostics, Early Intervention, Education, and Life in the Community

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse.2016210310

For Reference

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