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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Psychological Diagnostics of Developmental Disorders: A New Concept

Lubovsky V.I., Doctor in Psychology, professor at the chair of Special psychology, Clinical and special psychology faculty, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Korobeynikov I.A., psikor@bk.ru
Valyavko S.M., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Clinical and Special Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations, Moscow, Russia, valyavko@yandex.ru
Abstract
The authors propose a fundamentally new, theoretically grounded and empirically supported approach to psycho-pedagogical diagnostics of developmental disorders. It is shown that in Russia psychological diagnostics of developmental disorders still has no proper theoretical foundations and is carried out rather intuitively and empirically, even on the stage of differential diagnosis. The situation abroad is quite similar despite the use of standardized intelligence tests as they can only measure quantitative differences in subjects’ performance. The authors emphasize core components of cognitive activity different correlation of which determines the differences between various types of intellectual disorders that are similar in presentation. The proposed approach allows us to fully use the relevant characteristics of different types of developmental disorders. Features of the dynamics of cognitive activity, which are identified in observations and ignored in testing, significantly complement the psychological characteristics of developmental disorders.

Keywords: psycho-pedagogical diagnostics, children with disabilities, developmental disorders, intuitive-empirical approach, standardized tests, profile approach, differential diagnostics, core system functions

Column: Psychological Diagnostics

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse.2016210406

For Reference

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