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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

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Role of Social Demographic Factors and Parental Position in the Development of Preschool Child

Sobkin V.S., Doctor in Psychology, Director of the Centre of Sociology of Education, Institute of Education Management of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, sobkin@mail.ru
Veraksa A.N., Ph.D. in Psychology, acting head of the Department of Psychology of Education and Pedagogy, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, veraksa@yandex.ru
Bukhalenkova D.A., Ph.D. Student, Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, d.bukhalenkova@inbox.ru
Fedotova A.V., researcher, Centre for Sociology of Education, Institute of Management of Education of the RAE, Moscow, Russia, alexandrafedotova@rambler.ru
Khalutina U.A., researcher, Centre for Sociology of Education, Institute of Management of Education of the RAE, Moscow, Russia, khalutinajulia@mail.ru
Yakupova V.A., Ph.D. in Psychology, researcher, Department of Methodology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, vera.a.romanova@gmail.com
Abstract
The research aims at studying the connection between the child’s mental development and socio-demographic factors and socio-psychological aspects of parent – child relationships.The article is based upon the results obtained through testing of 59 children between 5 and 7 years old, as well as the results of a special sociological questionnaire presented to their mothers.The data show that boys have higherresults at visual memory, girls scored better at tests for self-regulation and social intelligence.Children from single-parent families had better results at verbal memory tests, but lower level of development of executive functions and decentration ability.Mothers’ educational level influence the amount and intensity of children’s fears, as well as their inclination to avoid fearsome situations.The parenting position features analysis shows it’s connection to executive functions development (all differences are significant p≤0.05).The present research showed a considerable amount of essentially interpreted connections between socio-demographic factors and parent – child relationships to the specifics of a child’s mental development.

Keywords: child’s mental development, social situation of development, preschool age, parent – child relationships, executive functions, social intelligence

Column: Educational Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse.2017220201

Funding

This work was supported by grant RFH № 16-18-00073.

For Reference

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