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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

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Moral Judgments in Adolescents with Different Levels of Psychological Well-Being

Molchanov S.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, research assistant at the Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, s-molch2001@mail.ru
Almazova O.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology, Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, almaz.arg@gmail.com
Poskrebysheva N.N., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor, Department of Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, pskr@inbox.ru
Abstract
The aim of our study was to explore the features of moral judgments in adolescents differing in the character of their psychological well-being in the context of informational socialization, where the efficiency of processing social information is of particular importance. Objectives of the study: identification of the types of psychological well-being based on the basic beliefs of adolescents; study of the relationship between the types of psychological well-being and features of moral judgments in adolescents; study of the relationship between the types of psychological well-being and the effectiveness of cognitive processing of social information by adolescents and the characteristics of their Internet behavior. The following techniques were used: the scale of basic beliefs (E.S. Kalmykova, M.A. Padun); the technique for measuring cognitive processing of social information (S.V. Molchanov, O.V. Almazova, N.N. Poskreysheva); the Internet Addiction Scale (Chen); the Justice — Care inventory (S.V. Molchanov).The sample consisted of 175 adolescents aged 13 to 18 years (M = 16.1; SD = 1.0).Three types of psychological well-being were identified: balanced (high level of psychological well-being), ego-centered and “fortunist”. The study revealed the differences in the level of moral judgments and in the efficiency of processing social information in favor of the balanced type of psychological well-being. The ego-centered type is characterized by low-level moral judgments, self-orientation and self-interest, low efficiency of social information processing, and pronounced symptoms of Internet addiction.

Keywords: moral development, adolescence, psychological well-being, cognitive processing of information, Internet addiction

Column: Developmental Psychology [9668]

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse.2019240402

Funding

This work was supported by grant RFBR № 18-013-01080.

For Reference

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