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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

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Age Specifics of Role-Playing with Play Tools in Preschool Children 84

Ryabkova I.A., Senior Research Fellow, the Department of Psychological Expertise of Games and Toys, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ibaladinskaya@gmail.com
Smirnova E.O., Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Center for Psychological and Pedagogical Expertise of Play and Toys, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, smirneo@mail.ru
Sheina E.G., senior research fellow, the department of psychological expertise of games and toys, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, leshgp@gmail.com
Abstract
This paper is part of a larger research focused on observations of preschool children in free make-believe play with different objects. This paper presents the outcomes of observations of children’s play with toys that imitate real objects (cups, swords, irons and so on).The dynamics of play activity in different age groups (3, 4, 5 and 6 years) is shown. In the two younger groups, role renaming is extremely rare and is accompanied by play actions, while children do not change their appearance in accordance with the role. From the age of 5, the number of renaming increases sharply: two-thirds of children call themselves some kind of a role name, many dress up, and the vast majority plays a role. At 6 years, there is a slight decline in the number of children with role renaming and a slight increase in the number of children who change their appearance as compared to 5-year-olds.In the environment with toys imitating real objects, the role emerges in response to toys, which significantly differs from how the role appears in the environment with open-ended materials. The paper describes the roles that were employed in the play with toys.

Keywords: free play, role play, role substitution, object substitution, toys, open-ended materials, preschoolers, play tools, open-ended environment

Column: Developmental Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/pse.2019240501

Funding

This work was supported by grant RFBR № 18-013-01226.

For Reference

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