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  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 11, no. 2)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

European Children Toys 969

Smirnova E.O., Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Center for Psychological and Pedagogical Expertise of Play and Toys, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, smirneo@mail.ru
Abdulaeva E.A., Educational contents specialist, Center of Psychological and Educational Expertise of Games and Toys, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, elena-abdulaeva@mail.ru
Sokolova M.V., PhD in Psychology, specialist at the Center for Psychological and Educational Expertise of Play and Toys, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, sokolovamw@mail.ru
Abstract
This article represents the investigations of phenomenon of a toy, the approaches to examination of toys in the European science. The analysis of basic approaches to research of toys and their theoretical and methodical bases are presented. Also the role of toys in the development of the child personality is described. Changes in the relations to the games and toys, loss of their value during the epoch of postmodern are considered. We discussed the necessity of the psychological and pedagogical examination of toys in the article. The different lines of realizing the exrert1s estimation are shown. We described the comparative analysis of the psychological and pedagogical examination of toys in the Moscow City Center of examination of toys and German organization “Spiel gut”, which carries out the expert activity within 55 years. The cultural meaning of the toys in child development is in the center of expert’s interests. The scientific bases, criteria and concrete methods of carrying out the psychological and pedagogical examination of toys are compared. Also we showed the difference in the assortment of toys in Russia and Europe.

Keywords: Cultural, historical and activity approach, play, toys, games materials, psychology and pedagogical examination, the developing potential, qualities of the toy, free for child activities, operational possibilities of toys.

Column: Developmental Psychology

For Reference

References
  1. Smirnova E. O., Salmina N. G., Tihanova I. G. i dr. Psihologicheskaja jekspertiza igrushki // Psihologicheskaja nauka i obrazovanie. Tematicheskij nomer «Psihologo-pedagogicheskie problemy igry i igrushki». 2008. № 3.
  2. Vom Spielzeug und vom Spielen. Ulm, 2004.
  3. Alfano K. Making toys for a global market // Toys in educational and socio-cultural contexts. 2003. P. 1.
  4. Berg L. E. Defining the good toy – an interactionistic approach // Toys in educational and socio-cultural contexts. 2003. Part 1.
  5. Mouritsen F. Do children really need all this toys? do adults? //Toys as communication. 2003. P. 2.
  6. Nelson A., Nilsson M. Methodological aspects and results from an inventory of toys in 152 children`s rooms // Toys as communication. 2003. P. 2.
  7. Rasmussen T. E. The ball – toy of gods and man // Toys in educational and socio-cultural contexts. 2003. P. 1.
  8. Retter R. Postmodernity – what about toys? // Toys as communication. 2003. P. 2.
  9. Sutton-Smith B. The festival of toys // Toys in educational and socio-cultural contexts. 2003. P. 1.
  10. Tan Sh. Toys of the Filipino child // Toys in educational and socio-cultural contexts. 2003. P. 1.
  11. Wegener-Spohring G. Toys: mirror of the world and world of the children // Toys as communication. 2003. P. 2.
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