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Study of the Features of Legal Conscience of Minors with Deviant Behavior
Savkina I.A., Educational Psychologist, Inter-district Center “Street Children” , Moscow, Russia
Dvoryanchikov N.V., Ph.D. in Psychology, associate professor, dean, faculty of legal psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com
The article presents the results of the study on legal consciousness of adolescents with deviant behavior, in which 90 mentally healthy adolescents of 15-17 years old have participated: 30 adolescents with normative behavior, 30 adolescents on probation and 30 adolescents with deviant behavior. The starting assumption was that in the structure of legal conscience in adolescents with deviant behavior the unbalance of the Self image with the normative categories can be expected compared to the legal conscience of adolescents on probation and those of adolescents with normative behavior. The following methods were used in the study: observation, interview, questionnaire, Rokeach Value Survey, 16PF by R. Cattell, B. Bass Orientation Inventory, I.L. Solomin's "Semantic Differential", L. Kohlberg’s method of evaluating the level of moral development. The results indicate the differences in the characteristics of legal conscience in adolescents with normative behavior, with deviant behavior and on probation. In particular, in adolescents with deviant behavior categories of “Real Self” and “Crime”, “Real Self” and “Drugs” were highly correlated, categories of “Ideal Self” and “Irresponsibility” were moderately correlated and a negative correlation was shown between categories of “Law” and “Truth”, which indicates the unbalance of Self image with normative categories. The identified stable features of legal conscience in adolescents with deviant behavior allow estimating the impact of these features on the mechanism of their behavior, and, therefore, suggest a way to the qualitative change in the legal conscience of such adolescents.
Keywords: deviant behavior, legal conscience, probation, normative categories.
Column: Juridical Psychology