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Psychological correction of child fears
Kochetova Y.A., Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor of psychology named after Professor L. F. Obukhova of the faculty of psychology of education, Moscow state University of psychology and education, Deputy head of the developmental psychology chair named after Professor L. F. Obukhova, head of the master program "Practical psychology in the social sphere and education.", Moscow state psychological-pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The contribution presents an analysis of the main methods of psychological correction of child fears. It analyzes the following methods of working with child fears: art therapy (drawing, play therapy, fairytale therapy, doll therapy, etc.); methods of behavioral psychotherapy (operant methods, confrontation method, cognitive restructuring, self-confidence training, ways of self-control, systematic desensibilization, etc.), as well as method of correction of fears by mans of harmonization of child-parent relationship. The contribution contains an analysis of modern correctional-developmental programs which aim at overcoming child fears. It makes a conclusion that the methods used in the programs are not specific and there is a need to develop and approbate a correctional-developmental program for working with child fears that will include child’s types of activity which facilitate amplification and intensification of development, full-scale passing of the age period, which, in turn, will facilitate overcoming of fears through enhancement of child’s emotional resources.
Keywords: child fears, anxiety, methods of psychological correction, art therapy, behavioral therapy, harmonization of child-parent relationship.