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Social and psychological characteristics of the class teacher interaction with students
Petrushikhina E.B., Associate Professor, Chair of Social and Legal Psychology, L.S. Vygotsky Institute of Psychology, Russian State University for Humanities
We summarize the results of socio-psychological studies of classroom management, performed on the basis of a theoretical model of value exchange, developed by R.L.Krichevsky. Classroom management is understood as a kind of management activity of a teacher, aimed at organizing group of students. Factor analysis revealed two major factors of the effectiveness of classroom management: the nature of the relationship between the students and their relations to the class teacher. As teacher’s activity characteristics, we considered manifestations of his attitudes toward students, leadership style, characteristics of individual interaction with students. It is shown that the activity of the class teacher, aimed at meeting the critical social needs of students, has two major dimensions: taking care about students and development of their motivation. We analyze the impact of social and perceptual characteristics of the teacher on the effectiveness of his interaction with students. We reveal the features of self-assessment and reflective evaluation of personality and activity of a class teacher, the specifics of causal attributions of success and failure of students in different areas of school life.
Keywords: classroom management, value exchange, educational interaction, effectiveness of leadership, self-assessment of personality and activity, socio-psychological reflection, causal attribution.
Column: Social Psychology of Education