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Features of gender socialization in adolescence
Schastnaya T.N., Associate Professor, Professor, Chair of Theoretical Foundations of Social Psychology, Department of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Metzler V.V., Personnel director, LLC Brit
The authors describe a research of features of gender socialization, based on a sample of 218 young people (high school pupils and first year students). The methods used were “Psychological gender” by S. Bem and “Psychosemantic differential” in modification by V.F.Petrenko and O.V.Mitina). We identified types of gender socialization, attributed to members of either sex, obtained results for samples of pupils and students with high, medium and low sociometric status. We revealed that social perception of gender socialization differs significantly depending on the factors of gender and group status. Also we show differences in understanding of gender socialization in boys enrolled in high school, and boys enrolled in secondary school, with a different status in the group. The ways of further study of the problem are outlined.
Keywords: gender, gender role, gender socialization, gender identity, semantic differential, sociometric procedure, informal intragroup power structure in community.
Column: Developmental Psychology