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  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 11, no. 1)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

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Cognitive-style characteristics as criteria for differential diagnosis of delirium

Kuznetsov I.V., Medical Psychologist, Department of Psychology, V.P. Serbskiy State Research Center of Social and Forensic Psychiatry, Moscow, Russian Federation
Morozova M.V., head of Psychological department , Federal State Budgetary Institution "V. Serbsky Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
Abstract
We present a psychological study of the relationship of cognitive styles with the development of delusional formations, overvalued ideas and simulative products in order to develop criteria of delirium differential diagnosis. We examined 118 men, ordered at forensic psychological and psychiatric examination, among them delusional symptoms were found in 68 people, and overvalued ideas in 26 people, 24 people simulated delirium. As a method of research, we used pathopsychological experiment and projective techniques and methods that identify particular cognitive style (TAT, Rorschach, Torrance). We found that delusional patients, unlike those simulating a mental disorder, show field independence cognitive style combined with the rigidity that is characteristic also for patients with endogenous overvalued ideas. In personality disorders, we found combination of field independence with the flexibility or with rigidity.

Keywords: delusions, overvalued ideas, simulation, cognitive styles, field dependence, field independence.

Column: Topical issues of legal psychology in work with children and adolescents

For Reference

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