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  Previous issue (2018. Vol. 10, no. 4)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

Screening diagnostics of antivital experiences and propensity toward impulsive, autoagressive behavior in adolescents (preliminary results)

Bannikov G.S., Ph.D. in Medicine, senior researcher, Center for Urgent Psychological Help, head of laboratory Scientific-methodical support of urgent psychological help, Moscow State Research Institute of Psychiatry, Ministry of Public Health and Social Development, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, bannikovgs@mgppu.ru
Pavlova T.S., research associate, research laboratory «Scientific and Methodological Basis of Emergent Psychological Aid», Center for Emergent Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, darzo@yandex.ru
Vihristyuk O.V., Director of Center for Emergent Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, tatjana.trt@mail.ru
Abstract
Development of methods for revealing antivital experiences and propensity to autoaggressive behavior in educational institutions is one of the key steps in developing strategies for the primary prevention of suicidal behavior in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to develop an effective screening diagnostic package aimed at identifying antivital experiences and propensity to autoaggressive behavior. The survey methods we used were: Beck Hopelessness Scale, Russell Loneliness Scale, A.G. Shmelev Suicide Risk Questionnaire, PDQ-IV Borderline disorder and Narcissism scales. At the first stage we examined 750 minors aged 12-18 and identified risk group (85 people – 11.4%), which included adolescents with high levels of both individual scales, and their combination. At the second stage we examined 10 adolescents at risk. In 7 of them (70%) were identified antivital, suicidal thoughts of passive or compulsive nature, signs of subjective and objective socio- psychological maladjustment. Our preliminary conclusion is that high levels of hopelessness and loneliness in adolescents are stable predictors of mental and emotional distress and psychosocial maladjustment in the period of psychological crises and decompensation of character accentuation of borderline and narcissistic types. These scales can be recommended for primary screening of antivital (depressive) experiences and propensity to autoaggressive behavior in adolescents.

Keywords: antivital experiences, suicide, autoaggressive behavior, screening diagnostics, adolescence

Column: Theoretical and applied problems of telephone counseling

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2014060116

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